Q:

What did the U.S. government do about the Dust Bowl?

A:

Franklin Roosevelt and the U.S. government had two responses to the Dust Bowl: creating agencies and laws to help alleviate financial burdens of migrants and farmers affected by the Dust Bowl; and addressing the environmental issues that created the Dust Bowl. Through the Resettlement Administration and the Farm Security Administration, they provided subsidies and purchased sub-prime land to give money to the farmers and restore grasslands to over-farmed wheat fields.

In his first 100 days in office, Roosevelt addressed soil conservation, the key to turning around the Dust Bowl conditions, by creating the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Soil Erosion Service. The establishment of the Soil Erosion Service was the first major federal commitment to the preservation of privately owned natural resources. In 1935, Roosevelt started the Prairie States Forestry Project to plant nearly 220 million trees, a project undertaken by the U.S. Forestry Service, the CCC, the new Works Progress Administration (WPA) and local farmers. The seven-year project created over 18,000 miles of windbreaks on 30,000 farms, a so-called “shelter belt” from the Texas Panhandle to Canada. These agencies and this response were a part of a larger effort to address the Great Depression: the New Deal, Roosevelt's legacy.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    How did the Dust Bowl impact the economy?

    A:

    The Dust Bowl was both a geographical location in the Midwest and a series of devastating droughts that crippled the economy in the 1930s by shutting down many farms and forcing farmers to leave in search of jobs that did not exist. The first of the droughts occurred when the Great Depression was underway, which meant work was scarce. Many former farmers ended up homeless.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused the Dust Bowl?

    A:

    The Dust Bowl was a severe drought that hit the U.S. Midwest in the 1930s. It was caused by irregular fluctuations in ocean temperatures, dry climates and poor farming techniques. It was characterized by massive dust storms that contributed to the harsh and dry climate.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How many people died in the Dust Bowl?

    A:

    The exact number of deaths from the Dust Bowl remains unknown, but evidence suggests hundreds, even thousands, of Plains residents died from exposure to dust. The Dust Bowl claimed the lives of men, women and children, although children and the elderly were most susceptible to the harmful effects of the dust. The thick dust produced by the Dust Bowl also harmed plants and animals, leaving them dead in the aftermath.

      Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is another name for the legislative branch of the U.S. government?

    A:

    The legislative branch of the U.S. government, which is responsible for making and passing laws, is also known as the U.S. Congress. Congress is comprised of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The laws enacted by Congress are enforced by the executive branch and, when needed, interpreted by the judicial branch.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore