How did the United States acquire Hawaii?
Credit:Michele FalzoneAWL ImagesGetty Images
Q:

How did the United States acquire Hawaii?

A:

Quick Answer

On July 4, 1898, the House of Representatives passed the Newlands Resolution to annex the Republic of Hawaii as a United States territory. President McKinley signed the resolution three days later, on July 7, and the Republic of Hawaii became the U.S. Territory of Hawaii.

 Know More

Full Answer

The Newlands Resolution officially changed Hawaii from a sovereign nation to a U.S. territory, but the annexation process began years before.

In the early 1800s, missionaries from Europe and the U.S began interfering in native Hawaiian affairs and brought new diseases to the islands' populations. In 1887, non-native immigrants held King Kalakaua at gunpoint and forced him to sign a new constitution giving white immigrants more rights while stripping two-thirds of native Hawaiians of their right to vote. King Kalakaua's sister, Lili?uokalani, succeeded him on the throne after his death.

In 1893, American and European immigrants formed a union to overthrow the Kingdom of Hawaii and dethrone Queen Lili?uokalani. Their efforts ended the Hawaiian monarchy and turned the Kingdom of Hawaii into the Republic of Hawaii. The Newlands Resolution resulted from negotiations with the newly formed Republic of Hawaii.

The Kingdom of Hawaii existed from the 1790s until the overthrow of Queen Lili?uokalani in 1893. The Republic of Hawaii lasted only a few years until the islands became the Territory of Hawaii in 1898. In 1959, the Admission Act officially recognized Hawaii as the 50th state of the U.S.

Learn more about US History

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What year did Hawaii become a state?

    A:

    Hawaii became the 50th state on Aug. 21, 1959. Hawaii had become a constitutional monarchy in 1840, but with the help of the U.S. Marines, a group of people living on the islands deposed the monarch, Queen Liliuokalani, in 1893.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why was the election of 1800 so important?

    A:

    The election of 1800 was important because both presidential candidates, Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, who were also both members of the Democratic-Republican Party, received 73 electoral votes, sending the election to the House of Representatives. Alexander Hamilton, a leader of the Federalist Party, and Burr had a personal rivalry with one another, leading Hamilton to work out of the spotlight to ensure that Burr did not become the next president.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the Great Compromise of 1787?

    A:

    The Great Compromise of 1787 was a measure proposed at the United States Constitutional Convention of 1787, which created a system for proportional representation in the House of Representatives, while maintaining equal representation in the Senate. This measure satisfied representatives from both large and small states, who did not want their citizens to be underrepresented in the new government.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who won the election of 1800?

    A:

    The election of 1800 was decided by the House of Representatives in favor of Thomas Jefferson. The election was intended to be between John Adams and Jefferson, but Jefferson's running mate, Aaron Burr, received more votes than Adams.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore