The United States rejected the Treaty of Versailles due to the opposition of a group of senators called the Irreconcilables, who believed that under the terms of the treaty, the United States would lose too much of its autonomy to the League of Nations. All of the Irreconcilables were enemies of President Woodrow Wilson, who originally advocated for the League of Nations and helped compose the details of the treaty.Know More
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles reached the Senate for a vote of ratification. Most Democrats supported the treaty, but the Republicans were divided. Besides the Irreconcilables, a second group of Republicans called the Reservationists, led by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, declared they would support the treaty if certain alterations were made. When Lodge formed a coalition with pro-treaty Democrats and submitted a revised treaty with 14 amendments to the Senate, Wilson persuaded the Democrats to reject it. The final Senate vote fell far short of the two-thirds majority needed to ratify the treaty. It was the first time the Senate ever rejected a peace treaty.
Because the U.S. Senate never ratified the Treaty of Versailles, the United States signed separate treaties with Germany in 1921 and 1922 that enabled the United States to help Germany rebuild as a nation apart from the strict supervision of the League of Nations.Learn More
The Treaty of Versailles punished Germany by taking away territories and overseas colonies, reducing the size of the nation's army and forcing Germany to pay reparations. Essentially, Germany was forced to take the blame for World War I.Full Answer >
The purpose of the Treaty of Versailles, outside of establishing guidelines for continued peace, was to put strict treaty obligations on Germany in hopes of preventing further war and make the country pay reparations for the damages caused during the war. One of the key points of the treaty was the War Guilt Clause, making Germany accept that they held complete responsibility for initiating World War I.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Versailles created nine new nations: Finland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. The treaty was written by the Allies without German help starting in January of 1919 and ending in June of 1919.Full Answer >
The United States entered World War I principallyÂ in response to Germany's continued submarine operations in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean, which it had earlier pledged to cease. Another reason was Germany's attempt to ally with Mexico against the United States.Â President Woodrow Wilson presented both of these reasons before a joint session of Congress on April 2, 1917, and war was declared on Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.Full Answer >