The USA entered World War II in response to the Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Prior to the attack, the country had maintained an isolationist policy, although government leaders considered involvement inevitable and had been providing the Allies with arms and other supplies. The US had long-standing friendly relations with Britain and the Japanese assault tipped the country against the Axis powers.Know More
Until 1941, the US kept out of the war. In general, Americans considered it a European affair and preferred to follow the traditional American policy of isolationism. However, the country was sympathetic to the Allied cause. The US had fought against Germany during WWI. Communists, leftists and Jews who heard about the oppression occurring in Germany pressed and lobbied the government to intervene. Many people believed that the totalitarian tendencies of European fascism would eventually threaten the US. In addition, the US shared a common heritage and friendly relations with Britain, whose very existence was threatened by the Germans.
For these reasons, the US sided with the Allies from the beginning and furnished them with much needed war supplies. The Roosevelt administration anticipated involvement and prepared the nation's arms manufacturing. When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, it was the final component necessary to remove any doubt about going to war.Learn more about World War 2
The timeline of World War II officially begins in 1939, when Germany invaded Poland, causing Britain and France to declare war on Germany, and ends with Japan's surrender Sept. 2, 1945. But the first rumblings of World War II began in 1932, when the Nazi party won a majority in the German legislature and Japan invaded Manchuria, which it held until the war was over.Full Answer >
Major events of World War II include Germany's invasion of Austria, the Treaty of Munich, the subsequent German invasion of Czechoslovakia and Poland, formal declarations of war by Britain and France, the entrance of Japan into the war, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war formally began in September of 1939 and ended in September of 1945.Full Answer >
Two groups of countries were involved in World War II. One group, the Axis Powers, consisted of Germany, Japan and Italy. The group on the other side, the Allies, consisted of the United States, China, Britain, France, Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand and the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
World War II resulted in many far-reaching and long-term effects on the course of history, some of which included a major rearrangement of the power balance between nations, the beginning of the Atomic Age and the Cold War, the end of colonial empires and the rise of nationalism within former colonies, the creation of the United Nations and the European Union, numerous border changes and a restrengthening of the United States economy which had been previously debilitated by the Great Depression. The balance of power shifted to two major post-war alliances: NATO, which was led by the United States, and the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union. This resulted in the Cold War power struggle and the eruption of several proxy wars, such as the Vietnam Conflict.Full Answer >