The War of 1812 inspired American nationalism for many reasons, one of which being that it was the first war that the country fought as an independent nation against a foreign enemy. In this case, the enemy was Great Britain, its North American colonies in what is now Canada and many Native American nations.Know More
Increased nationalism was a likely result of the war, as Americans in 1812 were not far removed from the Revolutionary War, which was also fought against Great Britain. As a recurring enemy, Americans were filled with national pride at the thought of a second war of independence. Americans cheered the victory of each battle as if they were cheering for the victory of the entire war, promoting a feeling of national unity and support for the military. But, it was the recovery from the largely unsuccessful war that inspired a string of nationalistic events.
After receiving smoke damage from the British invasion of Washington, D.C., the White House was washed and repainted a sparkling white. This signified a renewal of the nation, rising from the ashes of another devastating domestically fought war. Francis Scott Key was inspired by the battle at Fort Henry to write "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the national anthem soon after the war. The aftermath of the battle led to many improvements in roads and city structure, as Americans overwhelmingly voted to increase spending for improvement projects.Learn more about US History
The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812. Signed on Dec. 24, 1815, by representatives of the British and American governments, the treaty returned all conquered territory to its original owners and set up commissions to determine the borders between American and British territories.Full Answer >
New England opposed the War of 1812 primarily as a reaction against the embargo and similar trade restrictions with England and France that Thomas Jefferson and his successor, James Madison, imposed upon American shipping. Because the economy of New England was so heavily dependent upon trade by sea, the measure impoverished the New England states, leading them to rebel against the federal government almost to the point of secession.Full Answer >
The Federalists opposed the War of 1812 because the policies of the opposing party that declared war, headed by Thomas Jefferson and later headed by James Madison, brought the Federalist stronghold of New England to the verge of destitution. Thomas Jefferson's embargo of American shipping, instead of protecting U.S. ships and sailors, caused massive unemployment, the closure of banks, and created a virtual standstill in commerce.Full Answer >
The primary causes of the War of 1812 began with the Orders in Council, a statute passed by Britain in 1807 that placed restrictions on trade between the United States and France. Next, the British Navy conducted impressment on U.S. ships. Lastly, British support of Native Americans angered Americans.Full Answer >