William the Conqueror of Normandy won the Battle of Hastings in 1066 by having superior numbers of trained cavalry and archers and by staging fake retreats to draw out enemy forces before turning on them. The decisive moment was when King Harold II was killed and the English army was left without a leader.
William the Conqueror arrived in England in late September with an army of 4,000 to 10,000 men, and the recently crowned Harold II moved southward with about 7,000 men to meet him. William had a well-balanced army of archers, infantry and cavalry, whereas Harold's army was composed of mainly poorly trained, ill-equipped infantry. The English army assembled on a hilltop that was vulnerable to archers but well-protected from infantry and cavalry. To lure the English from their defensible position, William pretended to flee several times, then confronted the enemy on more open ground.
The battle lasted for an entire day. The English, already tired from their long march, were gradually worn down. The more experienced Norman soldiers under William began to gain the upper hand. A tapestry of the event shows that Harold II was hit in the eye and killed by an arrow. Without direction, his battlefield forces fell into disarray and were easily vanquished.Learn More
The Battle of Hastings was fought on Oct. 14, 1066, between the Anglo-Saxon army of King Harold II of England and the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy. The battle, which is depicted on the famous Bayeaux Tapestry, was one of the bloodiest battles in English history.Full Answer >
William the Conqueror's army won at the Battle of Hastings. They defeated King Harold II's army after an all-day battle which, according to legend, resulted in the death of King Harold II when he was shot in the eye with an arrow.Full Answer >
The British won the Battle of Britain by preventing Nazi Germany from gaining air superiority over western France and the English Channel. This resulted in Germany having to cancel plans for the amphibious invasion of Great Britain.Full Answer >
William the Conqueror began life as William the Bastard, the illegitimate son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy. Robert died during his return from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, leaving the 8-year-old William as his heir. William successfully gained the support of the French king, Henry I, and ascended to his father's office.Full Answer >