Q:

How did World War I end?

A:

Quick Answer

World War I ended with an armistice signed on November 11, 1918, followed shortly by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. These documents ended four years of bloody battles that left 10 million soldiers dead.

Know More
How did World War I end?
Credit: Travelpix Ltd Photographer's Choice Getty Images

Full Answer

Before the armistice that signaled the end of the war, several forces had already capitulated. Bulgaria, Turkey and Austria-Hungary had each surrendered in the preceding months, leaving the German forces unsupported in the campaign. As the United States had only recently entered the war with fresher forces, Germany had no choice but to admit defeat. They did this at 11 a.m. on November 11, leading to the famous quote that the war ended at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month."

This armistice served as a temporary cease-fire for the armies, and it was intended as a brief placeholder until the powers could agree upon more permanent terms. The armistice was renewed repeatedly for nearly a year until the Treaty of Versailles was signed in 1919. This treaty levied extreme sanctions against the Germans, including total dissolution of their military forces and massive financial reparations to be paid to countries they had attacked. As a result of these penalties, Germany plunged into a major economic recession, which Hitler would later use as a rallying cry to unify German forces for World War II.

Learn more in World War 2

Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did the Treaty of Versailles affect Italy?

    A:

    The Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I granted Italy a seat on the League of Nations, a share in German war reparations and control of the Tyrol region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Italy had expected much more, fueling resentment that would lead to the rise of fascism.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused World War II?

    A:

    Many factors lead to World War II, and many of them were either directly or indirectly linked to World War I, including dissatisfaction over the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Fascism and Hitler's rise to power and his eventual aggression, using his Nazi party to fulfill a mission to unite all German-speaking people.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How did military technology develop during World War I?

    A:

    Military technology developed rapidly during World War I to include advancements such as tanks, flame throwers, poison gas, tracer bullets, interrupter gear, air traffic control, depth charges, hydroplanes, aircraft carriers, pilotless drones and mobile X-ray machines. The Germans and the Allies raced to develop these advancements.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Could World War II have been prevented?

    A:

    Britain and France's political approach to Germany in the aftermath of World War I likely opened the door for the aggression that caused World War II, according to the Stanford History Education Group. There is no way of knowing if a different approach could have resulted in a different outcome, but it can be argued that British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement emboldened German leadership's desire to gain territory.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore