Colonialism is the subjugation of the people of one country by those of another through either direct military occupation or political force while neocolonialism exerts its influence through less direct means such as economic control or cultural dominance. Colonialism reached its peak in the 1800s as several European nations extended their influence and developed colonies throughout Asia, Africa, South America and the Middle East. The two world wars of the 20th century ended the major colonial empires of the previous century, but the influence of neocolonialism, sometimes referred to as neo-imperialism or hegemony, still persists in many developing nations.Know More
The institutionalized practice of colonialism, or "empire-building," began to come under criticism as early as the 1700s by writers and thinkers such as Denis Diderot and Immanuel Kant. Although the degree of technological and societal progress in colonized areas was often recognized, the overall subjugation of one group of people by another was increasingly viewed as unjust. The "mission to civilize" was perceived by its critics as little more than a pretext for the acquisition of foreign resources and the enforced development of trade markets.
Colonialism largely disappeared by the end of World War II, but some former colonial powers managed to maintain a degree of indirect control over their previous colonies through the economic and cultural influence of multinational corporations. Neo-colonialism, a term believed to have been coined by Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah in 1963, soon came to be used to describe the post-war system by which developed nations can exert an influence over the affairs of newly-developing nations.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Examples of colonialism include the ancient Greek colonization of Sicily, the Spanish colonization of South America, the Viking colonization of Normandy and the British colonization of Australia. Colonialism involves a powerful nation sending settlers to permanently live in another land under the originating nation's control.Full Answer >
The effect of British colonization on Nigerian politics was that additional divisions were created within the Nigerian country when the British created economic wealth in the south as well as Christian influences to further divide the two areas amongst one another. These divisions only multiplied until there were seven military coups as well as a war so that when a civil government was created, the people still felt divided and remembered the many divisions.Full Answer >
European colonization caused revolutionary changes to Africa's political geography and old African empires and kingdoms met their demise. The societies in Africa were in flux and politically and organizationally unstable so they were unable to resist the European invaders.Full Answer >
Henry of Portugal, who is also known as Henry the Navigator, was the patron of many sailing expeditions that explored the West African coast; through his explorations, maps were created of the known world, trade routes were established and Christianity was spread. Prince Henry is widely regarded as a major influence in the beginning of the Great Age of Discovery that began in the 15th century and lasted through the early 16th century.Full Answer >