Q:

What are the differences between the Pantheon and the Parthenon?

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Quick Answer

While both the Pantheon and the Parthenon are classical temples, the Pantheon is located in Rome, whereas the Parthenon is located in Athens. The Parthenon, which was completed in 432 B.C., is also considerably older than the Pantheon, which was constructed at the order of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 120 A.D.

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Full Answer

Another difference between these two ancient structures pertains to their purpose. The Parthenon was dedicated to the goddess Athena, while the Pantheon was more comprehensively dedicated to all of the classical gods; hence its name, which is derived from the Greek words "pan," meaning "all," and "theos," meaning "god."

Both structures were built to replace earlier temples

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why was the Parthenon built?

    A:

    The Parthenon was built to replace a temple that had previously stood on the site but was destroyed by Persian invaders. The primary purpose of the previous temple was to house a large statue of the goddess Athena.

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  • Q:

    What materials were used to build the Parthenon?

    A:

    The Parthenon of Ancient Athens was made of hand-carved pentelic marble from top to bottom, with some timber to support the slanted marble tiles of the roof. The segments of the columns were internally secured by iron clamps with a layer of molten lead. The statue of Athena Parthenos inside the Parthenon had ivory skin and nearly 2,400 pounds of gold armor, weapons and jewelry.

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  • Q:

    Who is buried in the Pantheon in Rome?

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    Among the notable people buried at Rome's Pantheon are painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, composer Arcangelo Corelli and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. Also buried there are two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I.

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  • Q:

    Why was Sparta better than Athens?

    A:

    While the question of whether Sparta was better than Athens is slightly subjective, it's possible to consider Athens inferior because it fell victim to the temptation of becoming an exploitative imperial power. By contrast, Sparta led an alliance commonly seen as relieving other Greek states of the burden of Athenian hegemony.

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