The domestic system, which was also known as the putting-out system, was a widespread production system in 17th-century Western Europe. Merchants and employers “put out” materials to rural producers that usually worked at creating the finished product at home.
In addition to working at home, producers worked in workshops or gave the work to others to perform. Once the work was complete, the producers would return the finished products to the merchant or employer, who in turn paid the producer for each finished product or a set wage. The domestic system became mostly replaced by factory work during the Industrial Revolution, but some industries continued to utilize this system into the 20th century.Learn More
Although historians disagree about the precise beginnings of the Renaissance, most trace its origins to the competition between artists and great thinkers in north-central Italy, particularly around the city of Florence. From there, the intellectual and artistic movement spread throughout the country and later throughout Europe.Full Answer >
Christopher Columbus is best known as the explorer who discovered North America. While his original hypothesis was that he could sail west from Europe in order to reach eastern Asia, Columbus stumbled upon the large land mass now known as North America, which led to colonization.Full Answer >
Raphael contributed to the Renaissance through the paintings, frescoes and architecture he created and designed throughout his career. He is considered one of the greatest artists of the period, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.Full Answer >
Shakespeare worked for an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men starting in the early 1590s, which then changed its name to King's Men after King James I took the throne in 1603. The company was considered popular and records show that Shakespeare both acted and wrote plays for the company.Full Answer >