Dorothea Dix is best known as an activist who campaigned for the establishment of mental asylums in the United States. Dix lobbied state legislators and Congress, and she also published a report titled "Memorial" that detailed the conditions of the many informal mental health facilities in her home state of Massachusetts. In her report, Dix noted how some people were kept in confined areas and abused.Know More
Dix's report was presented to the New Jersey legislature in 1845. After a proposed bill to create a state-funded asylum was delayed for several months, the bill was passed later that year. Dix then traveled to New Hampshire and Louisiana to again document the treatment of the mentally ill. She helped draft bills for the funding of mental hospitals in those states before traveling to Illinois. In 1847, she helped establish Illinois' first mental health hospital.
Dix then turned her attention to North Carolina and Pennsylvania, and she was successful in establishing mental hospitals in those states. In 1854, Dix wrote the Bill for the Benefit of the Indigent Insane, which would have made the government responsible for the funding of mental hospitals. However, the bill was vetoed by President Franklin Pierce.
In later years, Dix served as superintendent of army nurses during the Civil War, and she campaigned for improvements to the mental health systems in Scotland and Nova Scotia.Learn more about US History
The 14th president of the United States and the only New Hampshire resident to serve in the position, Franklin Pierce is known by many as one of the nation's worst presidents owing to his having made a number of highly divisive decisions during his presidency. Historians consider his biggest failure in the executive office to be his support of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which incited debate over slavery in the West.Full Answer >
President Thomas Jefferson sought to purchase the town of New Orleans and the surrounding territory, then simply known as the Louisiana Territory, from the French in order to secure trading routes for the United States. He wanted to prevent any disruption in American economics that would come from disrupted trade.Full Answer >
Some presidents of the United States, such as George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and James Monroe, are very well known. Others, such as John Quincy Adams, made contributions that tend to be overlooked in histories of the presidency.Full Answer >
President John Quincy Adams is known for many things, from being the first son of a president to follow in his father's footsteps to regularly going for nude swims in the Potomac River. Anne Royall became the first woman to interview a president when she discovered John Quincy Adams on one of his early morning nude swims and hid his clothing until he agreed to the interview.Full Answer >