The Commercial Revolution is responsible for the creation of private banking, a money economy, trading organizations, and the development of European feudal monarchies into national states. The Commercial Revolution spanned nearly 400 years, from the late 14th century to the middle of the 18th century.Know More
The Commercial Revolution gave birth to the practice of mercantilism, and started the expansion of commercial trade. With the expansion of commerce, there came improvements in navigation and exploration, as European nations looked to increase the size and power of their empires through commerce and conquest.
The English expanded their merchant and naval fleets as they gained control of Spanish and Italian markets, and created new markets in the Indian Ocean and South Asian Sea. The Dutch merchant empire peaked and then declined during the Commercial Revolution. The Dutch East India Company took over Portuguese trading posts across the globe to dominate the Indian Ocean spice trade and then lost dominance to the British a century later.
The effects of the Commercial Revolution led Europe and England into the Industrial Revolution by creating the financial and economic structure that was necessary to accommodate the remarkable growth of industry that defined Western culture during the 19th and 20th centuries.Learn more about Middle Ages
The Glorious Revolution was a political coup that took place in Great Britain during the mid-17th century; the main cause of this conflict was growing Protestant concern over King James II's strict adherence to his Catholic faith. This conflict is also known as the Revolution of 1688, and it resulted in the solidification of Parliament's power over the monarch and the Catholic King James II being replaced by his daughter, the Protestant Queen Mary, and her husband King William III. Although this was a political conflict that resulted in the deposition of a ruling monarch, it was a relatively peaceful transition in military terms, resulting in little bloodshed.Full Answer >
Two major effects of the Crusades were that the kings' authority increased and the Europeans learned about new things from the Muslims they encountered. During the Crusades, the kings increased taxes to fund the cause. Many peasants also left their land to fight, and when they died, the land went to the king. With large amounts of money and land coming in, the kings gained power.Full Answer >
The immediate consequence of the Reconquista was the conquest of all remaining Muslim political polities and their entailing territories by Spanish Roman Catholic monarchs, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. Subsequently, Spain became increasingly potent as a dominant world military, naval and colonial power.Full Answer >
Negative effects of the Crusades included the repeated defeats of the Christian armies, the slaughter of innocents and the looting of Constantinople. The destruction of Constantinople severed any hope of mending the East-West schism in Christianity, and this event left the Byzantine Empire vulnerable to the Ottoman Empire.Full Answer >