Japan's transformation into an imperial power was the result of its victory as a member of the Allied Powers in World War I, its growth as a westernized industrial nation and the gain of territory achieved during its wars with Russia and China between 1894 and 1905. Japan was also granted control of the Shandong Peninsula in China in exchange for helping the British during World War I. Prior to the outbreak of World War II, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria, an act which further established Japanese territorial expansion and gained the country control of a Chinese province rich in resources.Know More
The growth of the Japanese population from 35 million to 70 million in little more than a half century, coupled with the development of an emperor-based and militaristic centralized state government were also factors contributing to the nation's transformation into an imperial power. The Empire of Japan was established in 1868 by the Japanese Emperor Meiji, and it effectively ended the feudal system of provincial control by local shogun rulers.
The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931 and the establishment of a Japanese-controlled region renamed "Manchukuo" was condemned by Western powers as an act of war. The League of Nations, the intergovernmental peace-keeping organization at that time, proved to be ineffective in achieving a Japanese withdrawal from the region. The League's only real persuasive tool lay in economic sanctions, an approach which had little affect on the Japanese who were already suffering the effects of the worldwide depression taking place at the time. Further Japanese expansions occurred in 1932 with the attack on the city of Shanghai, the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and the empire's invasion of French colonies in Indochina in 1940.Learn more about Modern Asia
Japan's birth as a nation, depending on the definition of nation used, could be as dated 10,000 years ago, when a hunter-gatherer society called the Jamon developed. Its birth date also could be identified as 710 A.D., when the first strong central government developed in Nara.Full Answer >
The things for which Japan is well known include its cuisine, aesthetic tradition, bonsai trees and its role in the Second World War. According to About.com expert Setsuko Yoshizuka, Japanese cuisine emphasizes raw and cooked seafood, rice and green vegetables. Soy foods, such as miso and tofu, also play central roles in Japanese kitchens. Culinary presentation is extremely important and demonstrates the marriage of Japanese cuisine and cultural aesthetic principles.Full Answer >
Historians agree Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931 for two main reasons: ideology and natural resources. Nationalist leaders in Japan desired to unite all of Asia under one emperor, an ideology known as hakkô ichiu.Full Answer >
United States Naval Officer Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry negotiated a treaty that opened up Japan to trade with the United States of American on March 31, 1854. He negotiated with Japanese officials for months to facilitate trade between the two countries.Full Answer >