Q:

Who is Ernest Shackleton?

A:

Quick Answer

Ernest Shackleton, who was born on Feb. 15, 1874, and died in Jan. 1922, was an Anglo-Irish explorer. He is best known for his trio of expeditions to Antarctica, most notably the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914 to 1917.

Know More
Who is Ernest Shackleton?
Credit: Mark Hannaford AWL Images Getty Images

Full Answer

Shackleton's first two Antarctic expeditions were actually races to get to the South Pole. However, that quest ended when his Norwegian counterpart, Roald Amundsen, reached it in December 1911. British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott, who oversaw his first expedition, reached it in 1912, only to die on the return journey. Despite falling short, Shackleton was knighted for his grand efforts. In 1914, Shackleton tried crossing Antarctica via the South Pole one last time. However, his ship, Endurance, got frozen in the ice. Shackleton and his men made their way through several miles to a whaling station -- miraculously, without a single loss of life. Shackleton was able to return to England in 1917. His account of the Trans-Antartic Expedition -- also known as the "Endurance" expedition -- was published in 1919 as a book entitled "South." Shackleton looked forward to a fourth Antarctic expedition. However, weakened by years of travel in extremely cold and harsh conditions, he succumbed to a heart attack at the age of 47, while on his ship which was moored on the South Georgia island.

Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    When did Empower Insurance begin operating?

    A:

    Empower Insurance started operating in Fort Worth, Texas, on Jan. 1, 1975, and incorporated on Feb. 12, 2004, as Empower Managing General Agency, Inc. The company attained BBB accreditation on June 25, 2014, and has an A+ rating, according to the Better Business Bureau.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What states did Lewis and Clark travel through?

    A:

    In their cross-country trip to the Pacific Ocean, Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark went through Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, North and South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The journey took more than two years, and the explorers maintained detailed journals of the geography, route, natives and natural history.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What was the impact of the Napoleonic Wars?

    A:

    The Napoleonic Wars changed the landscape of war, politics and national borders. They introduced the ideas of Total War, military camouflage, civil liberties, constitutional limits on monarchy, independence from colonizing nations and a unified Europe.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    Why was Gandhi called "Mahatma"?

    A:

    Gandhi was called Mahatma as a sign of respect for his great character and deeds. The word Mahatma, erroneously considered to be Gandhi's birth name by some in the western society, originates from the Sanskrit words "maha", which means "great," and "atma," which means "soul." Rabindranath Tagore is known as the man who gave him the title.

    Full Answer >

Explore