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What are examples of colonialism?

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Quick Answer

Examples of colonialism include the ancient Greek colonization of Sicily, the Spanish colonization of South America, the Viking colonization of Normandy and the British colonization of Australia. Colonialism involves a powerful nation sending settlers to permanently live in another land under the originating nation's control.

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Full Answer

Though there is some overlap, colonialism is distinct from imperialism in that colonies were places controlled by permanent settlers from the ruling nation, whereas empires involved control of distant lands by ruling nations but not necessarily a permanent settlement. For example, U.S. citizens colonized the North American West, but the United States exerted imperial control over the Philippines, where Americans sent to administer the small nation had no expectation of settling there permanently. Both imperialism and colonialism have shaped civilizations for most of recorded history. In both cases, high mobility by the dominant nation, usually secondary to trade growth as well as high prosperity leading to an increase in population, end with the colonization and/or imperial control of other regions.

In modern times, the term imperialism has been used to describe indirect control of other nations, such as the financial dominance of Western nations over much of the world. According to some scholars, including Edward Said, this modern indirect imperialism is largely due to postcolonialism, in which a previously colonial power continues to control its former colonies.

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Related Questions

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    What was the effect of colonialism on Nigerian politics?

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    The effect of British colonization on Nigerian politics was that additional divisions were created within the Nigerian country when the British created economic wealth in the south as well as Christian influences to further divide the two areas amongst one another. These divisions only multiplied until there were seven military coups as well as a war so that when a civil government was created, the people still felt divided and remembered the many divisions.

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  • Q:

    How did European colonialism affect Africa's culture?

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    European colonization caused revolutionary changes to Africa's political geography and old African empires and kingdoms met their demise. The societies in Africa were in flux and politically and organizationally unstable so they were unable to resist the European invaders.

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  • Q:

    What are positive and negative effects of colonialism in the United States?

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    Colonialism in the United States, also called colonization, provided economic benefits by allowing the colonies to enjoy some degree of autonomy from Great Britain, but also restricted trade to only between the colonies and Great Britain, and established high taxes on the colonies. Great Britain initially established the colonies to derive benefits from overseas territories, primarily in the area of economics. Great Britain ultimately succeeded in making a profit from trade within the colonies, but allowed the colonies the opportunity to grow independently, which in turn led to their separation from Britain.

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  • Q:

    What are some examples of metaphors?

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    Examples of metaphors include the concept of the “black sheep of the family” and the phrase “You are my sunshine.” A metaphor is a comparison between two things that share common characteristics. Metaphors differ from similes in that they do not use the words “like” or “as.”

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