Nikola Tesla was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Lika, which was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. His birth town was a part of modern-day Croatia.
The United States built the Panama Canal to create a relatively short, direct link for commercial and military shipping traffic between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. France attempted to build a canal there in the late 1800s, but gave up the project. The United States completed the construction between 1904 and 1914.
The first steam engine was invented by Thomas Savery in 1698, and it was based on a design by Denis Papin from a year earlier. Savery's engine was built to pump water out of coal mines, had no moving parts and used large amounts of coal to move very little water.
Transportation changed how humans interacted and lived thanks to radical innovations such as the automobile, electric rail cars, airplanes and internal combustion engines, according to the Smithsonian. Suburbs grew, people moved across the world faster and humans became more mobile because of transportation technology.
The Industrial Revolution first started in Britain in the late 1700s and soon spread to cover all of Europe. In the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution spread to America.
The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. A fellow inventor, Elisha Gray, invented a voice transmission system at the same time, but Bell was first to patent his invention.
Cornelius Vanderbilt acquired his wealth through shrewd competition in the shipping industry when he owned several steamship lines, and then he owned many powerful railroads that helped make cross-country transportation cheaper and more efficient. At the time of his death in 1877, Vanderbilt was worth an estimated $100 million, a sum equal to $26 billion in September 2014.
Planes, trains and automobiles were available during the 1930s, and other technological advances led to the availability of telephones, radios and electric ranges, which improved on their wood-burning or gas predecessors. In fact, the 1930 census included the question of whether families had radio in their homes. Radar, scotch tape, long-playing phonographs, frozen foods, color and talking movies, and cartoons were all inventions of the 1930s.
John D. Rockefeller was important due to his role in the creation of the oil trade monopoly called Standard Oil Company. He was highly successful and became the first American billionaire.
John D. Rockefeller was known for treating his workers fairly. He had a reputation for joining his laborers in the field, and he was quick to compliment and slow to rebuke them. He wanted his workers to feel like part of the "Standard Oil Family," and he wanted every worker to be invested in the company's success. As a result, his workers respected him and worked hard.
Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist and businessman who lived from 1835 until 1919. His role in the steel industry helped steel become the predominant material used in the construction of the railroads that unified the United States from east to west. Carnegie eventually gave away a large portion of his fortune. The money was used to build libraries, put organs in churches and fund scientific research and education.
The Industrial Revolution brought several important changes to the field of education by making education accessible for children of all socioeconomic backgrounds and setting laws making education a requirement. Prior to the 1800s, the accessibility of education to children was spotty. Children born into wealthy families often had access to education, while children from impoverished families did not.
By providing a means for reliable transportation, the railroads made the regular shipping of manufacturing supplies and manufactured goods in mass quantities possible. As a result, the railroads laid the groundwork for the Industrial Revolution through providing a foundational need in the development of industry.
The Industrial Revolution occurred in the 18th and 19th centuries across Europe and America. It was precipitated when the use of engine-powered machines and other industrial features began to transform mostly rural and agrarian areas into densely populated urban centers. One major shift that took place was that manufacturing of things, such as tools, furniture and bullets, moved from primarily home-based processes to centralized industrial production.
Coal was important to the Industrial Revolution because it burned hotter than wood charcoal. The additional heat was needed in the boilers that ran the steam engines developed during the Industrial Revolution, according to the United States Department of Energy. The same source notes that coal became the dominant global supplier of energy during this time.
Factory life during the Industrial Revolution was exhausting, unsanitary and dangerous. Factories were damp, noisy, poorly ventilated and badly lit. Workers often had to labor for 12 to 14 hours a day with very few breaks.
Henry Ford is most famous for founding the Ford Motor Company and developing innovative concepts in manufacturing. Ford conceived and introduced the assembly line as a form of mass production in 1914. His vision was to have skilled, well-paid workers sharing in the production of an affordable vehicle.
The Green Revolution is a term referring to the reformation of agricultural practices resulting in dramatic increases in crop yields. According to About.com, the Green Revolution began in Mexico in the 1940s. It then spread to countries around the world, helping to alleviate mass famine and feed millions of people.
The impact of the scientific revolution was that experiments became more controlled, while scientists were able to discover new ways of finding whether a particular belief was true. The communication involved in the era allowed scientists to collaborate with other professionals through all disciplines.
According to Dr. Guillermo Grenier of Florida International University, technology changes were the primary cause of the Industrial Revolution. The main effects of the Industrial Revolution included more employment opportunities, labor laws, ecological harm and the encouragement of new political philosophies.
Richard Arkwright is considered important because he is credited with helping invent the first spinning machine that spun cotton into yarn. This machine ended up being the catalyst for the beginning of the industrial revolution.