Some famous people known for civil disobedience are Henry David Thoreau, Mohandas Gandhi and Vaclav Havel. Civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with unjust laws as a form of political protest.Know More
Thoreau's 1848 essay "Civil Disobedience" formulated the idea of civil disobedience in the modern era. In this essay, he explained the rationale behind his refusal to pay federal taxes while the United States was condoning slavery and prosecuting the Mexican-American War. Arguing that his taxes would support policies that he found immoral, Thoreau refused to pay them, earning himself a night in jail.
Gandhi created the concept of satyagraha, a theory of nonviolent civil disobedience, in his long movement to free India from British colonial domination. He led many mass acts of civil disobedience, including the Dandi Salt March of 1930, in which a crowd of tens of thousands defied the British tax on salt by making their own salt from the sea. These protests were crucial in securing India's independence.
Havel tweaked the theory of civil disobedience to make it relevant in a communist society. In his essay "The Power of the Powerless," Havel posits that the totalitarian system requires everyone in a society to submit, meaning that anyone who refuses to submit calls the whole system into question. Havel used his insight to lead a movement that ultimately led to democracy.Learn more about Modern History
Some of the top 10 facts about Henry Hudson are that he was born in England around 1565 and died in Hudson Bay, Canada. Other facts include the fact that his first journey as a ship commander took place in June 1607.Full Answer >
In "On Civil Disobedience," Thoreau talked about the problem with social institutions, and stressed that people must first listen to their conscience and then look at rules. Thoreau believed that people were putting the laws first, and this was how social and political atrocities such as slavery came to be.Full Answer >
Prior to publishing his groundbreaking papers on special relativity and the photoelectric effect in 1905, Albert Einstein worked intermittently as a tutor and as a clerk in the Swiss government's patent office. As an assistant examiner at Switzerland's Federal Office for Intellectual Property, Einstein worked to evaluate patent applications relating to the registration of electromagnetic device inventions.Full Answer >
Some famous "laissez faire" presidents include Herbert Hoover, Martin Van Buren and Ronald Regan. Modern day "laissez faire" leaders would include Steve Jobs and Warren Buffet.Full Answer >