Ancient Mesopotamian farmers used basic farming tools, such as a plow and sickle. The first Mesopotamian farmers began cultivating crops around 6,000 B.C. using a simple stone plow that was pulled by oxen. The stone plow was typically attached to a shaft made of wood.Know More
The first stone plows used in Mesopotamia are referred to as beam-ards and created a furrow in the soil without causing it to turn. This design stayed constant for most of the Mesopotamian civilization and it was not until 2,300 B.C. that the seed plow was invented. The seed plow featured a similar design to the beam-ard but included a funnel that dropped a seed into the furrow.
Farming tools in Ancient Mesopotamia were made using materials such as clay, timber and stone. The quality of the tools improved for workers on temple estates and palaces with the introduction of copper-alloy and iron tools.
The farming period in Mesopotamia began in late October and early November with the plowing and planting of seeds in the fields. Harvest would occur during the period between late April and June. Common crops in the region included peas, beans and lentils. Other vegetables and fruits were also grown, including apples, figs, pomegranates and onions.Learn more about Mesopotamia
The king's role in ancient Mesopotamia was to keep order in a world of many threats and in the context of an extremely pessimistic worldview. With constant dangers of floods and drought, kings had to protect the people in the realm, gather all the resources they could muster and honor the local gods whom the populace believed had the power to protect or destroy them.Full Answer >
Common sports people played in ancient Mesopotamia include hunting, boxing, wrestling and polo. Games and sports were held on holidays and festival days to entertain the masses. Backgammon, the most popular board game, was played on the ground with rocks and pebbles.Full Answer >
People in ancient Mesopotamia (3,500 BC - 539 BC) wore clothes made with animal skins and wool, originally a skirt, and later a tunic with a shawl over it. Embroidery and fringes decorated the garments. Women of high status wore veils.Full Answer >
Some of civilization's first cities were founded by the Sumerian people in Mesopotamia, which is located in the valley between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Mesopotamia, women were wives and mothers and took care of household duties. Men were trained from an early age for specialized jobs such as masons, musicians, builders or politicians. Big events such as weddings were celebrated with parties and festivals.Full Answer >