Ancient Mesopotamian farmers used basic farming tools, such as a plow and sickle. The first Mesopotamian farmers began cultivating crops around 6,000 B.C. using a simple stone plow that was pulled by oxen. The stone plow was typically attached to a shaft made of wood.
The first stone plows used in Mesopotamia are referred to as beam-ards and created a furrow in the soil without causing it to turn. This design stayed constant for most of the Mesopotamian civilization and it was not until 2,300 B.C. that the seed plow was invented. The seed plow featured a similar design to the beam-ard but included a funnel that dropped a seed into the furrow.
Farming tools in Ancient Mesopotamia were made using materials such as clay, timber and stone. The quality of the tools improved for workers on temple estates and palaces with the introduction of copper-alloy and iron tools.
The farming period in Mesopotamia began in late October and early November with the plowing and planting of seeds in the fields. Harvest would occur during the period between late April and June. Common crops in the region included peas, beans and lentils. Other vegetables and fruits were also grown, including apples, figs, pomegranates and onions.Learn More
A Nubian queen is a female ruler of the kingdom of Nubia, located along the Nile in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. In modern times, it is also used to describe a woman with African heritage.Full Answer >
Scientists can't say for sure what caused the extinction of the dinosaurs, but theories suggest that diseases, climatic change, geologic events and changing plant communities may be to blame. Scientists say that dinosaurs, along with 50 percent of all other life on Earth, died out around 65 million years ago.Full Answer >
The main responsibilities of Sumerian kings during the ancient Mesopotamian civilization include religious rituals, domestic affairs of state, military affairs, law creation, administrative leadership and execution of justice. Mesopotamian society considered the king as the representative of the gods on Earth with a divinely granted right to rule.Full Answer >
Generally, Native American men wore breechcloths, which were a type of loincloth, and the women typically wore skirts or shirts made of buckskin. According to the American Indian Heritage Foundation, Native American tribes did not have the same style of dress. Although there were similarities in the styles of dress among the tribes, the styles were fundamentally different.Full Answer >