The "Federalist No. 78" is an essay written by Alexander Hamilton, explaining his views on the proper structure and role of the judiciary branch in a constitutional democracy. The essay was massively influential, and many of the ideas Hamilton set forth in the essay became part of the Constitution of the United States.Know More
In "Federalist No. 78," Hamilton explains that the judiciary branch should act as a check on the constitutional power of the legislative branch by determining if laws enacted by Congress align with the powers granted them by the U.S. Constitution. In Hamilton's system, the courts may void a law that they deem unconstitutional. Hamilton insisted that the judiciary must be completely distinct from the other two branches of government, the legislative and executive. Hamilton also discussed the length of a federal judge's term in office. He felt that judges, once appointed, should remain in office as long as they display "good behavior," though he leaves the definition of good behavior vague. Most of the ideas discussed in this paper have been incorporated into the U.S. Constitution and the constitutions of numerous states.
"Federalist No. 78" is just one of 85 essays included in "The Federalist Papers," which were a series of documents written by Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay. The papers laid the groundwork for the Constitution and made the case for ratification.Learn more about US History
Leaders of the Federalist Party included John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Rufus King, John Marshall, Timothy Pickering and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. The Federalist Party was established during George Washington's administration, and although he never publicly identified with it, he shared many of its aims and ideologies.Full Answer >
"The Federalist Papers," which were a collection of 85 letters written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay between 1787 and 1788. These letters were sent to newspapers, and their goal was to promote the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. According to the History Channel's website, nine out of 13 states had to ratify the Constitution before it would replace the Articles of Confederation.Full Answer >
Federalist Paper No. 10, written pseudonymously by James Madison in support of the new United States Constitution, is about how to guard the new government of the union against factions, or groups of citizens with special interests. It is one of 85 letters written by some of the Founding Fathers to encourage the states to ratify the Constitution.Full Answer >
The two authors most commonly associated with the Federalist Papers are former U.S. President James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the U.S. treasury. The third author, John Jay, became the U.S. Supreme Court's first chief justice. Hamilton was responsible for writing most of the documents.Full Answer >