Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that circumnavigated the Earth by sailing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. He is also known for naming the Pacific Ocean.Know More
Magellan was born in Portugal around 1480. As a student, he studied navigation and cartography. His parents died when he was 10 years old, but since they were Portuguese nobility, he was made a page for the queen and allowed to continue his studies. When he was in his 20s, Magellan joined a fleet that was headed to East Africa. There, the Portuguese destroyed Egyptian ships in the Arabian Sea in the Battle of Diu. He also participated in the conquest of the port of Malacca. Magellan was wounded in Morocco and walked with a limp for the rest of his life. Later, he was falsely accused of trading illegally with the Moors, and the King of Portugal refused to let him sail on any more Portuguese ships. Magellan then moved to Spain in order to sail for King Charles V. He came up with a plan to sail around the globe, and King Charles V approved it.
Magellan left Spain in 1519 with five ships. On his way to Patagonia, some of the crew attempted mutiny, and one of the ships was wrecked. In October 1520, he reached the area south of South America that is now called the Strait of Magellan. One of the ships deserted at this point, leaving only three to make the voyage. Magellan involved himself in a war in the Philippines and was killed in 1521. His journey was completed by Juan Sebastian del Cano in 1522 when the crew returned to Spain.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Straits of Magellan, a passageway through southern South America and the Pacific Ocean. While Magellan receives credit as the first to circumnavigate the world, his slave Enrique was the first to complete the trip in one direction.Full Answer >
Ferdinand Magellan led the first European circumnavigation of the globe, confirming the Earth was round and much bigger than scholars of the day anticipated. Magellan was killed during the voyage, but it was completed by his crew.Full Answer >
Lewis and Clark were important because they undertook the first expedition to cross the western part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean. During their expedition, they explored the newly acquired lands of the Louisiana Purchase, surveyed and mapped the land, established a U.S. presence for legal purposes, made friendly contact with many Native American tribes, and scientifically studied local flora and fauna.Full Answer >
Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese navigator, sailed west from Spain in the early 16th century in hopes of finding a western shipping route to Indonesia's Spice Islands. With five ships and more than 250 men, he reached Brazil, where he looked along the coast of South America for a strait leading to the Pacific Ocean. After camping in Port St. Julian for the winter, Magellan found the strait.Full Answer >