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What was feudalism in ancient China?

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Quick Answer

Feudalism in ancient China refers to the allocation of a certain area or region to a specific individual who becomes the established leader of that region. The term also refers to the shared power system between regional leaders.

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The concept of feudalism in ancient China dates back to the 11th century B.C. to the Shang and Zhou dynasties. Despite the fact that feudalism is typically marked by military takeovers, 20th century historians suggest that Chinese systems differ from European feudal governments in that Chinese lords owed allegiance to the king due to kinship rather than by law. Further, Chinese peasants were not legally bound to the land like European peasants in similar situations.

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Related Questions

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    Who were the peasants in ancient China?

    A:

    Peasants in ancient China were mostly farmers and merchants. Farmers were respected for the food they supplied to the nation, but merchants were considered especially lowly and were prohibited from wearing silk or riding in carriages. Farmers paid taxes on their crops and spent a month every year working for the government in the military or on construction projects.

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  • Q:

    What was the role of women in ancient China?

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    Women in ancient China lived oppressed lives, and their roles centered around caring for their husbands, cleaning, cooking and looking after their kids. The women of ancient China were expected to bear many children, and most of them felt pressure from their husbands to bear a son despite its being beyond their control.

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  • Q:

    What was the climate in ancient China?

    A:

    The climate of ancient China varied from scorching and humid summers in some places to extreme cold and and freezing temperatures in the highlands. The terrain and diverse topographical features of the country contributed to the disparate weather conditions experienced by the Chinese people.

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    What did people use for shelter in ancient China?

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    Both rich and poor people in Ancient China lived in houses that were constructed primarily with pounded earth and timber framing in areas where wood was not scarce. Many poor people lived in homes made entirely of pounded earth with thatched roofs. Rich people had walls around their homes.

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