The fifth-generation computer was a project spearheaded by Japan in order to move ahead of Western computer technology. The plan was to overhaul computer technology and create their own.
During World War II, Sperry Band and IBM created what is now considered the first generation of computers. From there, the computer evolved to include different languages, including Fortran, or formula processing, and LISP, or list processing. European developers created another generation, PROLOG, which was abbreviated for logic programming.
To help join the technology race, the Japanese government started the fifth generation project in the 1980s. The goal was to use technology like PROLOG to eliminate a number of issues and make computer technology easier to operate.