Filipinization refers to the inclusion of Filipinos in the U.S. colonial government of the Philippines, particularly under Governor General Francis Burton Harrison. While there were 2,623 Americans and 6,363 Filipino superannuated officials in 1913 during the beginning of Harrison's tenure, there were 13,240 Filipinos and 614 Americans in 1921 when he left office. He also oversaw the transformation of the colonial legislature into a directly elected, Filipino-controlled body.
While Filipinization angered many conservative Americans, it was strongly supported by northern Catholic Filipinos, and Harrison was later granted Philippine citizenship when the nation was granted independence in 1935. However, Filipinization was strongly opposed by Muslim Moros living in the south of the country. They had not previously considered themselves to be Filipinos, and they feared the consequences of an independent Catholic Philippines, particularly because Filipinization resulted in Catholic settlers and administrators for Muslim lands.Learn More
The Columbian Exchange took place as a result of the European colonization of the Americas. The transfer of culture and biology between the Old and New World that characterizes the exchange began when Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean Islands in 1492.Full Answer >
Not much is known about Alonso Alvarez de Pineda, but it is known that he was born in Spain in 1494, during the age of exploration. Just two years before Pineda was born, Christopher Columbus had discovered a new world to be combed through.Full Answer >
The Treaty of Tordesillas gave Spain territorial rights to most of North and South America. The treaty settled a dispute between Spain and Portugal over the control of the land discovered by Christopher Columbus.Full Answer >
Captain Cook was an English explorer who accidentally discovered the Hawaiian islands while attempting to discover a northern passage that led between the Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans. He was killed when relations with the Hawaiian natives became hostile and a battle between them and his crew took place.Full Answer >