Aqueducts have been used by numerous civilizations, such as the Persians and Egyptians, but no specific structure is designated as the first aqueduct. The Assyrians had one of the first documented aqueducts in the world, which was built around 691 B.C. The most famous and well known structures of this kind are the ones built by the Romans.Know More
Romans needed the aqueducts to support their large cities. Without these waterways, many of the cities would not have existed at all. The Romans built cities in areas that had no access to water, which meant that a system of transport needed to be designed in order to inhabit the area. They would find a water source in the mountains or other area and build aqueducts to carry the water to the cities. There would have been no Roman baths, no fountains and no cities without aqueducts.
The aqueducts used by older civilizations were focused mainly on irrigating fields and helping crops. Ancient Rome is well known as a bath culture and for being extremely clean, so its way of life required ample disposable water. Roman culture would have been totally different and stagnant without a water transport system in place.Learn more about Ancient History
Rivers were crucial to the survival of early civilizations because they were responsible for providing a source of water, irrigation for good farmland and a way for people to trade with other people through water transportation. Many of the earliest civilizations thrived due to the availability of rivers such as Mesopotamian cultures with the Euphrates River and Tigris River, Egyptians with the Nile River, Indians with the Indus River and Chinese with the Huang River and Yangtze River.Full Answer >
The first volcano was found in 79 A.D. when Mount Vesuvius famously erupted and destroyed the Roman town of Pompeii, according to Geology: Geoscience News and Information. Vesuvius remains the only active European volcano as of 2014.Full Answer >
The Gemological Institute of America reports that rubies originated in Burma (modern-day Myanmar), based on historical references dating back to the 6th century during the Shan dynasty. The Mogok ruby mines were taken over by Burma's king in 1597.Full Answer >
The Shang and Zhou dynasties shared an interest in education, domestic family structure and socioeconomic segregation but differed in their academic interests and approaches to government.While the Shang dynasty encouraged the arts and humanities, the Zhou family promoted science and mathematics. The Shang clan ruled with a system of central governance, while the Zhou established independent feudal states, vesting power in local rulers instead.Full Answer >