The first recorded earthquake occurred in at Mount Tai, located in eastern China's Shandong province. According to the ancient Chinese chronicle, the "Bamboo Annals,” the earthquake took place during Emperor Fa's 7th year of reign as monarch of the Xia Dynasty.
According to the "Bamboo Annals," people believed that upon Emperor Fa's death, Mount Tai shattered. There are no records regarding the magnitude, casualties or damage to surrounding populated areas, as there was no scientific method for recording or predicting earthquake activity. In 132 AD, Zhang Heng, a Chinese polymath, invented the world's first seismometer, which could detect the direction of an earthquake from over 300 miles away.Learn More
The Inca empire was located along western South America. At the height of its expansion in 1533, it reached from the modern-day countries of Colombia to Chile, encompassing a 2,500-mile region. The population of the empire at the time of European contact, around 1526, was approximately 20 million people.Full Answer >
The Aztec Empire was located in what is now called central Mexico and was the last of the great Mesoamerica native civilizations to be overthrown. The Aztec Empire was overthrown in 1521 when Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conquistador, defeated the Aztecs at Tenochtitlan.Full Answer >
Bronze Age Mesopotamia was located in the southwest part of Asia in what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Iran and Syria. Mesopotamia means “between two rivers,” referring to its location between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.Full Answer >
The Gemological Institute of America reports that rubies originated in Burma (modern-day Myanmar), based on historical references dating back to the 6th century during the Shan dynasty. The Mogok ruby mines were taken over by Burma's king in 1597.Full Answer >