The flag of the United States has 13 stripes because the stripes correspond to the first 13 colonies that declared independence from England. The stars on the flag match the current number of states in the union.
Since the 1770s, the U.S. flag has gone through multiple changes. One of the first versions featured the thirteen stars with a British Union Jack in the upper corner. In 1777, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution that the flag should have thirteen stripes and thirteen white stars in a blue background. In 1795, the number of stripes and stars increased from 13 to 15. In 1818, President James Munroe signed a Congressional act that reduced the 15 stripes back to 13 to commemorate the original colonies. This act also raised the number of stars to 20 and stipulated that a star would be added with the admission of each new state to the union.
In 1912, President William Howard Taft signed an executive order standardizing the placement of the stars on the flag, and in 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower signed an executive order changing the arrangement of the stars to reflect the addition of new states to the union. As of 2014, the United States flag has 50 stars in alternating rows of five and six.Learn More
As of 2014, eight U.S. presidents have died while in office: William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, Warren G. Harding, Franklin D. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy. Four of these men (Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley and Kennedy) were assassinated, and the other four (Harrison, Taylor, Harding and Roosevelt) died of illness or other natural cause while serving as president of the United States. Though only four presidents have been confirmed to have been assassinated, at least two of the presidents who died of natural causes while in office, Taylor and Harding, were the subject of rumors of covert assassination by poisoning at the time of their deaths.Full Answer >
The Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence, began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The former began with a skirmish on the village green of Lexington, Massachusetts.Full Answer >
Several factors led to the end of Reconstruction, including the Depression of 1873 and Supreme Court rulings that severely limited the civil liberties of African-Americans. The final act that marked the end of the period was the Compromise of 1877.Full Answer >
Juliette Gordon Low suffered from permanent ear damage and eventual deafness, according to Biography.com. She incurred the physical ailment from a bizarre accident that happened at her wedding to William Mackay Low in 1886.Full Answer >