The flag of the United States has 13 stripes because the stripes correspond to the first 13 colonies that declared independence from England. The stars on the flag match the current number of states in the union.
Since the 1770s, the U.S. flag has gone through multiple changes. One of the first versions featured the thirteen stars with a British Union Jack in the upper corner. In 1777, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution that the flag should have thirteen stripes and thirteen white stars in a blue background. In 1795, the number of stripes and stars increased from 13 to 15. In 1818, President James Munroe signed a Congressional act that reduced the 15 stripes back to 13 to commemorate the original colonies. This act also raised the number of stars to 20 and stipulated that a star would be added with the admission of each new state to the union.
In 1912, President William Howard Taft signed an executive order standardizing the placement of the stars on the flag, and in 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower signed an executive order changing the arrangement of the stars to reflect the addition of new states to the union. As of 2014, the United States flag has 50 stars in alternating rows of five and six.Learn More
The purpose of Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" was to grow the patriot cause, and Paine argued for independence from England and the creation of a democratic republic. Paine was direct and to the point in his writing style, avoiding all flowery pose.Full Answer >
The flag of the United States of America has seven red stripes and six white stripes. Officially the red stripes signify valor and bravery, while the white stripes symbolize purity and innocence.Full Answer >
After Panama won its independence from Colombia in 1903, the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was negotiated, which gave the United States the 10-mile strip that is now the Panama Canal. The dream of the Panama Canal began much sooner, however. The British and Americans plotted together throughout the 19th century to devise an abbreviated trade route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.Full Answer >
As one of the original 13 colonies, some of New Hampshire's most interesting facts center around its struggle for independence and its many notable firsts. New Hampshire's most notable first was being the first colony to establish an independent government.Full Answer >