Bread, vegetables and fruit were the mainstays of a typical ancient Greek diet. Much like in the Mediterranean diet of modern times, fish was the most commonly consumed protein.
Agriculture was central to the ancient Greek diet and way of life. Farmers grew spelt, emmer and barley, and the most common kind of bread was made from barley. In fact, Romans sometimes referred to the Greeks as "barley eaters."
Because Greece did not have a landscape suitable for raising cattle, meat was also uncommon, except for occasional wild game. Additionally, dairy was not typically consumed. In cities, milk and butter were considered barbaric. Fish, on the other hand, was plentiful as anchovies, catfish and sprats were cheap, and eel, tuna and sea bass were foods consumed by the richer classes.
The produce commonly consumed by the ancient Greeks was native to the Mediterranean region. It included apples, pears, grapes, figs, peas, cabbage, beans, squash, cucumbers, onions, asparagus, radishes and artichokes.
Water was the most common beverage for the ancient Greeks. Wine was available, but not a part of a typical meal. It was consumed separately, and often diluted with water. Drinking wine that wasn't cut with water was seen as barbaric, and thought to be the cause of mental illness. Additionally, ancient Greek women were not allowed to drink wine.Learn More
The Ancient Greeks, specifically the boys, enjoyed physical activities, such as playing hockey. The boys often played their games naked so girls could not watch them play.Full Answer >
The ancient Greeks were polytheistic and believed in a pantheon of Gods, some of whom were more powerful than others. Though Zeus was the king of the gods, he was not omnipotent, and other deities controlled specific aspects of nature and human endeavor.Full Answer >
The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.Full Answer >
Rice is the most important food in Chinese cuisine, and it's usually served alongside dishes made from various ingredients, including vegetables, pork, chicken, tofu, bean sprouts, cabbage, ginger and scallions. China has four different culinary regions with their own cooking styles: Mandarin, Cantonese, Shanghai and Szechuan, and the ingredients used are based on what is available agriculturally.Full Answer >