Bread, vegetables and fruit were the mainstays of a typical ancient Greek diet. Much like in the Mediterranean diet of modern times, fish was the most commonly consumed protein.
Agriculture was central to the ancient Greek diet and way of life. Farmers grew spelt, emmer and barley, and the most common kind of bread was made from barley. In fact, Romans sometimes referred to the Greeks as "barley eaters."
Because Greece did not have a landscape suitable for raising cattle, meat was also uncommon, except for occasional wild game. Additionally, dairy was not typically consumed. In cities, milk and butter were considered barbaric. Fish, on the other hand, was plentiful as anchovies, catfish and sprats were cheap, and eel, tuna and sea bass were foods consumed by the richer classes.
The produce commonly consumed by the ancient Greeks was native to the Mediterranean region. It included apples, pears, grapes, figs, peas, cabbage, beans, squash, cucumbers, onions, asparagus, radishes and artichokes.
Water was the most common beverage for the ancient Greeks. Wine was available, but not a part of a typical meal. It was consumed separately, and often diluted with water. Drinking wine that wasn't cut with water was seen as barbaric, and thought to be the cause of mental illness. Additionally, ancient Greek women were not allowed to drink wine.Learn More
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >
The ancient Spartans often wore simple, understated clothing like tunics, boots and cloaks. Since the Spartans were warriors, they usually wore clothes that were a dark crimson color as this color would hide blood from wounds received in battle.Full Answer >
The ancient Olympics stopped because of a ban on pagan festivals by the emperor Theodosius I. Like other Christians, he saw the Olympic Games, which honored the Greek god Zeus, as an offense to his Christian religion.Full Answer >
Men in ancient Greece wore a knee-length tunic called a chiton and a cloak called a himation. Different types of tunics and cloaks were worn for specialized uses such as exercise and horseback riding. Ancient Greeks generally remained barefoot at home but wore boots, slippers or sandals outside.Full Answer >