The Hopi Indians were farmers, subsisting off of corn, beans and squash while raising turkeys as livestock. Antelope, deer and small game supplemented this basic diet, as did nuts, fruits and herbs. During famines, the Hopi Indians ate dried greens, cactus fruits, berries, currants and roses.Know More
Agricultural duties were divided along gender lines. Men were primarily responsible for the fields, growing and harvesting the corn. Women sometimes aided them in the fields but also maintained fruit and vegetable gardens. They also handled the by-products of the growing season.
Squash formed an important, if small, cornerstone of the Hopi way of life. Not only was squash a staple food, it was also used to make utensils and instruments. During the 16th century, as Spanish settlers expanded into Hopi territory, the Hopi were also exposed to peaches, watermelon, chili peppers and different onion varieties that they incorporated into their daily diets.
Blue corn, also known as Hopi maize, was integral to the lives and diets of the Hopi people. It was used to make different kinds of cornbread and played a significant part during rituals. According to folklore, while other people chose the largest ears of corn, the Hopi chose the smallest blue one; it imbued eaters with strength, represented longevity and was associated with the winter solstice sunset.Learn more about US History
Hopi houses were made of adobe and stone, which were three stories high. A Hopi house can contain several units to house the whole of an extended clan. They used ladders to get to the upstairs units.Full Answer >
The Hopis live in Northwestern Arizona and have resided there for generations. The word Hopi means "civilized person" in the native Hopi dialect. The Hopi language is not related to the languages of nearby Pueblo tribes. Instead, Hopi is more closely related to Aztec.Full Answer >
Some of the tools used by the Hopi Indians included rakes, hoes, knives, cotton looms, adz and arrowheads. The Hopi used these tools for farming, manufacturing of goods, and sometimes as weapons.Full Answer >
The Dust Bowl was both a geographical location in the Midwest and a series of devastating droughts that crippled the economy in the 1930s by shutting down many farms and forcing farmers to leave in search of jobs that did not exist. The first of the droughts occurred when the Great Depression was underway, which meant work was scarce. Many former farmers ended up homeless.Full Answer >