While the Iroquois used several modes of transportation, almost all of them were dependent on human power. Walking was their most common way of moving. They used canoes to travel along rivers and in the Great Lakes. When there was snow on the ground or the water froze, they used snow shoes and toboggans pulled by human power or a team of three dogs.Know More
The Iroquois made canoes by hollowing out logs from birch bark. They shaped the bark over a cedar frame and sewed it together using a bone awl and tree roots. They then sealed the canoe with tree pitch they cooked with charcoal to darken. After contact with the Europeans, the Iroquois developed sleds with bent ash runners. These sleds made collecting firewood and maple sap easier when there was snow.
The Iroquois lived along the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. They built longhouses that housed 18 to 20 people each. Because they used human power to move their belongings, they limited their personal possessions. In actuality, the Iroquois were not a single tribe, but a group of six tribes that banded together to form a league believed to have formed when the Europeans came to America; however, oral tradition claims this league existed thousands of years before the first white settlers crossed the ocean.Learn more in US History
The Algonquin employed bows and arrows, clubs, spears, knives and traps. Like most Native American weapons, the Algonquin's weapons were mostly made of wood and stone. During the French-Indian War, the Algonquin received steel knives and other weapons from the French to fight the Iroquois.Full Answer >
Although Iroquois children did not have much free time, to have fun they would play with cornhusk dolls, toys and games, including sports like lacrosse. Adults would use cow horn rattles and water drums to produce music for dancing, and social events would often take place in the longhouse.Full Answer >
The Iroquois have many symbols including turtles, the tree symbol that alludes to the Great Tree of Peace, the eagle and a cluster of arrows. The turtle is the symbol of one of the Iroquois clans.Full Answer >
The Iroquois were a native confederacy whose territories were originally within the boundaries of modern-day New York state between the Adirondack mountains and Niagara Falls. They conquered lands that eventually extended along the eastern seaboard of North America and into the interior, from modern Kentucky to southern Ontario down through the Delaware River Valley.Full Answer >