The primary reasons for the decline of the English gentry were taxation, reformed voting laws, the industrial revolution and war, according to About.com. To a lesser degree, women's suffrage and the rise of divorce were also contributors.Know More
For centuries, only the land-owning gentry could vote in England, which meant they could control the laws regarding land ownership. Naturally, these favored the wealthy. In the early part of the 19th century, however, voting law was reformed, expanding the voting population in England. This initiated the decline of the English gentry. The voting issue for the gentry was compounded by the industrial revolution, which saw the establishment of factories in urban areas and the migration of workers from the country into the city. The establishment of the railroad made the transportation of goods and people much faster, and farming declined.
By the early 20th century, land taxes were significantly higher than they had been in the past. Tenants who had migrated to the cities for factory jobs that paid better than farming were no longer available to pay rent, so many land owners could no longer afford to maintain their estates. As a result, they began selling off all or part of them. Additionally, World Wars I and II dealt significant blows to the British economy at large. Women also had the right to vote and own land. Since there were no laws restricting inheritance to sons, fortunes were more widely disbursed and divorce became more common.Learn more about Modern Europe
Some of the outcomes of the English Civil War were the end of the personal-rule monarchy, the establishment of a commonwealth government and the rise of Oliver Cromwell to a leadership role that is often viewed as resembling a military dictatorship. One of the consequences of the war was Cromwell's campaign against Catholics and Royalists in Ireland and the confiscation of their lands to pay off the debts of the English Parliament, a long-lasting historical memory that has helped fuel Irish and English strife into modern times. Although the monarchy was restored in 1660 by the ascension of the Stuart dynasty to the throne 2 years after Cromwell's death, an additional and key outcome of the English Civil War was that it established the principle of an English king requiring Parliamentary consent in order to govern.Full Answer >
The three main social classes in Colonial society were the gentry, the middle class and the lower class. The social classes during the Colonial times were determined by wealth, land ownership and job titles. One's ranking in society also determined his political, legal and societal privileges.Full Answer >
"Degenerated disc" is a term used to describe the natural deterioration of the discs in the spine due to the aging process, according to WebMD. The term "degenerative disc disease" is also used interchangeably to describe the same condition.Full Answer >
Sir Joseph Lister is famous for being the founder of antiseptic surgery. In 1865, some time after Louis Pasteur discovered that bacteria cause fermentation, Lister discovered that germs were also the cause of pus and infection.Full Answer >