Q:

Why was Francisco Pizarro able to defeat the Incas so easily?

A:

According to The Biography Channel, Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro was able to defeat the Inca easily because the Incans were embroiled in their own civil war and suffering from the smallpox epidemic, both of which had dramatically weakened the Incan empire. This made it easy for Pizzaro to take the last Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa, prisoner and execute him, paving the way for complete conquest.

Know More

Full Answer

According to the History Channel, Franciso Pizzaro sailed to Peru in 1531 and reached the Incan town of Cajamarca in November of 1532. After Pizarro persuaded Atahuallpa to meet with him, he ambushed the Incan emperor, killing thousands of his men with the superior weapons of the Spanish army. Atahuallpa was taken prisoner, but he offered to fill a large room with gold in exchange for his release. Pizzaro accepted the gold but put Atahuallpa on trial and had him executed in 1533. Pizzaro was then able to move on to the city of Cuzco, where he conquered the city with little resistance from the weakened Incans. He placed a puppet emperor, Manco Capac in charge and went on to found the city of Lima, in 1535. The following year, Manco Capac attempted one last uprising of the Incans against the Spaniards, but he was quickly defeated and the fall of Incan Empire was complete.

Learn more in Ancient America

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What food did the Incas eat?

    A:

    The Incas were primarily vegetarians who subsisted primarily off of root vegetables. The different altitudes and temperatures throughout the Inca territories caused regional differences in diet. Meat came from llamas and alpacas, while the very poor ate guinea pigs. More recently, quinoa, a staple of the Incas' diet, has been named a superfood, along with pichuberries, amaranth and purple potatoes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Did the Incas write and keep records?

    A:

    The Incas did not have writing in the traditional sense. Rather, they used a series of knotted braids called khipu for bookkeeping and recording information.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What were the major accomplishments of the Incas?

    A:

    Some of the major accomplishments of the Incas included their inventions, such as the flute, drum and Inca calendar. Culturally, Incas were also adept in creating pottery and cloth, and politically they are known for integrating imperial policies with ethnic diversity, which was way ahead of its time.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you describe the family life of the Incas?

    A:

    The family life of the Incans can be described as communal and clannish. Families lived together in ayllus, which were extended families that lived and worked the land together.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore