According to The Biography Channel, Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro was able to defeat the Inca easily because the Incans were embroiled in their own civil war and suffering from the smallpox epidemic, both of which had dramatically weakened the Incan empire. This made it easy for Pizzaro to take the last Incan Emperor, Atahuallpa, prisoner and execute him, paving the way for complete conquest.
According to the History Channel, Franciso Pizzaro sailed to Peru in 1531 and reached the Incan town of Cajamarca in November of 1532. After Pizarro persuaded Atahuallpa to meet with him, he ambushed the Incan emperor, killing thousands of his men with the superior weapons of the Spanish army. Atahuallpa was taken prisoner, but he offered to fill a large room with gold in exchange for his release. Pizzaro accepted the gold but put Atahuallpa on trial and had him executed in 1533. Pizzaro was then able to move on to the city of Cuzco, where he conquered the city with little resistance from the weakened Incans. He placed a puppet emperor, Manco Capac in charge and went on to found the city of Lima, in 1535. The following year, Manco Capac attempted one last uprising of the Incans against the Spaniards, but he was quickly defeated and the fall of Incan Empire was complete.Learn More
According to Aztec-History, evidence suggests that the Olmecs were located in the southern Gulf Coast of Mexico. As of 2014, the area that they occupied includes the states Veracruz and Tabasco. Very little is known about the Olmecs.Full Answer >
The pendulum was discovered by Italian scientist and scholar Galileo Galilei in 1602. The Pendulum is made from a light rod or string with a weight at one end. Galileo was the first to examine its unique characteristics and found that each pendulum has a constant period.Full Answer >
The Mount Vesuvius tomb, also called the Talpiot tomb, is one of a series of tombs found underneath debris from volcanic eruptions of Mount Vesuvius in East Jerusalem. Some scholars believe these tombs may have been where Jesus' body was placed after his crucifixion.Full Answer >
The wheel allowed Mesopotamians to create a number of novel transportation methods. It was also used in a variety of mechanical devices. Creating wheels may have also spawned new methods of making items that need precision.Full Answer >