According to Biography.com, Frederick the Great was called an enlightened despot because his mother raised him with the values and education of the Enlightenment, and as ruler of Prussia, he sought to instill these values in government and society. His enlightened reforms included religious toleration, partial freedom of the press and reformations of the military and justice systems.Know More
During Frederick's childhood, his mother hired tutors who taught him French culture, poetry and Roman and Greek classical literature. However, his father insisted he study military and political matters. At one point, when Frederick and a friend ran away from his father's strict regime, his father had his friend beheaded and forced Frederick to watch. When his father died, Frederick became both a military genius and a patron of Enlightenment ideals. As part of his revamping of the justice system, Frederick forbade torture and established Prussia's first criminal code. To strengthen the economy, he lowered internal duties, imposed protective tariffs and stimulated trade by building canals.
Frederick also became known as a patron of the sciences and the arts. He was a talented musician himself, and even wrote flute sonatas. At one point he corresponded with Voltaire, one of the intellectual leaders of the Enlightenment. He encouraged the Berlin Academy in its scientific work and commissioned architects to build elaborate structures with the aim of establishing Berlin as a cultural capital.Learn more about Modern Europe
Peter the Great reorganized the Russian Tsarist government by modernizing it and modeling it after European examples. He opened up the traditionally conservative Romanov government to new and innovative types of administration.Full Answer >
An enlightened despot is an authoritarian leader who exercises rationality and, in some cases, tolerance. While authoritarian leadership is inherently repressive in some ways, this does not mean that the leader cannot exercise tolerance in other areas.Full Answer >
The Great Trek of the 1830s was the migration of white settlers in the area known as Boers. The Great Trek begin in 1836 and ran into the 1840s, explains How Stuff Works.Full Answer >
Some of Peter the Great's accomplishments include the founding of Saint Petersburg, the founding of the Russian navy and regular army, the remodeling of the government, the introduction of a poll tax, modernization of the Russian alphabet, creation of the Julian calendar and establishment of the first Russian newspaper. Peter the Great ruled Russia as Czar from 1682 until 1725. His accomplishments helped to establish Russia as a great world power.Full Answer >