Lord Charles Cornwallis, a lieutenant general of the British Army during the American Revolution, helped secure a British victory at the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse early in the war. At the conclusion of the war, Cornwallis was forced to surrender to George Washington in 1781 at the Battle of Yorktown.Know More
Between his victories and his final defeat, Cornwallis embarked on an unsuccessful military campaign in the southern colonies. After some success in South Carolina, Cornwallis's forces met fierce opposition in North Carolina and were defeated at the Battles of Kings Mountain and Cowpens. His defeats in the Southern theatre were later used by some of Cornwalllis's political enemies in England in an attempt to discredit him.
From 1786 to 1794, Cornwallis served as the governor-general and commander in chief in India, where he made significant reforms to both the British East India Company and the way the country was ruled. Several years after returning to Britain from his post in India, Cornwallis was appointed lord lieutenant and commander in chief of Ireland. Originally installed in response to a Catholic-led revolt in the country, Cornwallis was seen by some Irish elites as sympathetic towards Catholics, and in fact, he argued for the emancipation of Catholics in the country. Cornwallis died in 1805, shortly after returning to India following his reappointment as governor general.Learn more about US History
The American Revolution, also known as the Revolutionary War, officially ended on Sept. 3, 1783, with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. However, the major hostilities in North America ended on Oct. 19, 1783, with the British surrender at Yorktown.Full Answer >
The American Revolution officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on Sept. 3, 1783. The hostile phase of the war had ended nearly two years earlier, on Oct. 19, 1781, when the British general Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown.Full Answer >
The Battle of Yorktown was important to the American Revolution because it ended in the surrender of the General Cornwallis and his army, effectively ending the war in the American colonies. The battle took place between Sept. 28th and Oct. 19, 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia.Full Answer >
The last battle of the American Revolutionary War was the Battle of Yorktown, in which General George Washington won a decisive victory over British General Cornwallis. This defeat led to the Treaty of Paris, which ended the war.Full Answer >