The ancient Greek city of Megara had a tyrannical government. Megara began its existence as a protectorate of Corinth, which directly ruled the city as one of its territories. In the 7th century B.C., the city staged a successful revolt against Corinthian rule and became a tyranny under its king, Theagenes.Know More
Despite being a tyrant, Theagenes depended heavily on popular support. Early in his rise to power, Theagenes courted this support from the poor of Megara by slaughtering the cattle of the city's wealthiest citizens.
In time, Megara fell into the orbit of Sparta, though it remained independent with regard to its internal policies. Megara's secession from the Peloponnesian League was the proximate cause of the first Peloponnesian War, and Athens' attempt to break the city economically was the proximate cause of the second Peloponnesian War. These wars left Megara's government increasingly dependent on the oligarchy of Sparta for political, economic and military support.
In 338 B.C., the Macedonian army, commanded by the 18-year-old Alexander the Great, crushed the southern Greek forces and completed the conquest of Attica, including Megara. For the rest of its history, Megara was directly ruled by a remote government, first that of the Macedonians, then the Romans and, eventually, the Byzantines.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece was largely patriarchal, so men were always in power both at home and in politics, while women were relegated to lives spent mostly inside their homes raising children and weaving. These practices were less present in certain city-states such as Sparta.Full Answer >
Men in ancient Greece wore a knee-length tunic called a chiton and a cloak called a himation. Different types of tunics and cloaks were worn for specialized uses such as exercise and horseback riding. Ancient Greeks generally remained barefoot at home but wore boots, slippers or sandals outside.Full Answer >
The culture of ancient Greece produced many accomplishments, such as art that remains among the world's finest, the first valid approaches to science, the first works of literature that remain in the canon of classics and significant contributions to mathematics. Later societies relied on Greek discoveries in mathematics and science all the way up until the Renaissance and even until the Industrial Revolution in many instances.Full Answer >
Overall, the ancient Greeks had a polytheistic culture that emphasized the importance of sacrifices and rituals to appease the many gods and goddesses who were known to interfere in human affairs. Emphasis was on earthly rewards rather than the afterlife. Ancient Greece spanned a vast empire and hundreds of years, encompassing a variety of beliefs and practices that often incorporated elements of foreign religions.Full Answer >