The ancient Greek city of Megara had a tyrannical government. Megara began its existence as a protectorate of Corinth, which directly ruled the city as one of its territories. In the 7th century B.C., the city staged a successful revolt against Corinthian rule and became a tyranny under its king, Theagenes.Know More
Despite being a tyrant, Theagenes depended heavily on popular support. Early in his rise to power, Theagenes courted this support from the poor of Megara by slaughtering the cattle of the city's wealthiest citizens.
In time, Megara fell into the orbit of Sparta, though it remained independent with regard to its internal policies. Megara's secession from the Peloponnesian League was the proximate cause of the first Peloponnesian War, and Athens' attempt to break the city economically was the proximate cause of the second Peloponnesian War. These wars left Megara's government increasingly dependent on the oligarchy of Sparta for political, economic and military support.
In 338 B.C., the Macedonian army, commanded by the 18-year-old Alexander the Great, crushed the southern Greek forces and completed the conquest of Attica, including Megara. For the rest of its history, Megara was directly ruled by a remote government, first that of the Macedonians, then the Romans and, eventually, the Byzantines.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >
The culture of ancient Greece produced many accomplishments, such as art that remains among the world's finest, the first valid approaches to science, the first works of literature that remain in the canon of classics and significant contributions to mathematics. Later societies relied on Greek discoveries in mathematics and science all the way up until the Renaissance and even until the Industrial Revolution in many instances.Full Answer >
Ancient Greece consisted of a number of city-states, each with their own laws and customs. No single ruler existed until Phillip II united Macedonia and most of Greece in 360 B.C.Full Answer >
Ancient Greece was a very mountainous area so the people mainly used the sea as a way of feeding themselves and earning money. Mountains cover about 80 percent of the land.Full Answer >