The Great Pyramid of Giza was built to serve as the burial location for the Pharaoh Khufu. This pyramid is one of the three fourth-dynasty pyramids built in the Giza region and is the largest, with a height of approximately 147 meters and sides measuring 216 meters each.Know More
The orientation of the Great Pyramid of Giza is nearly perfectly north by design. Its construction required approximately 2.3 million stone blocks, with each weighing between 2.5 to 15 tons. As of 2014, researchers suggest that to complete the pyramid, the workers needed to place a stone block every 150 seconds.
The interior of the pyramid features three different burial chambers, one of which is built into the bedrock underneath the pyramid. The second chamber is located above ground level and was incorrectly identified as a queen's burial chamber by early researchers and explorers. The third burial chamber was prepared exclusively to house Khufu's sarcophagus and is located near the exact center of the pyramid.
The Pharaoh's chamber was only accessible through the Grand Gallery, which had a height of 26 feet. The pyramid's design incorporated a series of sliding granite blocking systems that was meant to prevent thieves from reaching the central chamber.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Archaeologists believe the Great Sphinx of Gaza's nose fell off due to a combination of weathering and human vandalism. While Napoleon Bonaparte is often blamed for this destruction, the missing nose has been gone since at least the 14th century.Full Answer >
The Great Pyramid of Giza took between 20 and 30 years to build. It was built for the Pharaoh Khufu and was finished in about 2560 BCE, making it over 4,500 years old. It is near two other Pharaohs' pyramids, as well as being part of its own complex, with three smaller pyramids for Khufu's wives.Full Answer >
Inside the Pyramids, ancient Egyptians built a series of burial chambers, ventilation shafts and passageways. The Pharaoh's sarcophagus was placed in the king's burial chamber. The ancient Egyptians believed that a part of the Pharaoh's spirit remained with his body after death and so they buried with him anything that he might need in the afterlife including gold, favorite objects and pottery.Full Answer >
The Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Khufu is best known for ordering the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Khufu, who ruled as the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the 26th century B.C., is believed to have been the son of the pharaoh Sneferu, who commissioned the building of the first true pyramid, the North Pyramid at Dahshur. The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest one built, and it is taller than a 40-story building.Full Answer >