In 1974, India became the sixth country to test nuclear weapons, a 50 year leftist dictatorship ended in Portugal and Richard Nixon resigned from office. Gerald Ford became the 38th president of the United States.
Richard Nixon was the first president to resign from office. An impeachment case was opened against him one day prior to his resignation. The impeachment case charged Nixon with obstruction of justice, refusal to submit subpoenaed material and failure to uphold laws. When Ford became president, he pardoned Nixon for all of the crimes almost exactly one month after his resignation from presidential office.
In 1974, folk rock singer Mama Cass died. Number one songs for that year included John Denver's "Sunshine on my Shoulders" and Elton John's "Bennie and the Jets." The Post-it note was invented, Yankee Candle opened their first candle factory and liposuction was invented in Italy. One of the most influential occurrences in 1974 was the creation and original use of the first UPC bar code. The bar code was printed on a package of Wrigley's gum and was scanned at a Marsh's store in Troy, Ohio. This bar code set was the precursor to the way most retail products are scanned.Learn More
The Vietnam War was fought in an attempt to stem the communist rule of Vietnam; it did not succeed in its objectives despite massive loss of life for both South and North Vietnamese and the United States, who stepped in to try and prevent Communist rule in the region. The Vietnam War formerly held the title of the longest war in U.S. history until the war in Afghanistan. Despite military intervention by the U.S., the North Vietnamese was able to overtake the South Vietnamese and the Vietnam War takes its place in history as the only war that the U.S. ever lost.Full Answer >
Qwest Communications International Inc. was one of the largest telecommunications companies in the United States. In 2004, the Securities and Exchange Commission charged the company with securities fraud for inflating revenue almost $2.5 billion for earnings projections between 1999 to 2002. The company was also criminally charged for issuing false statements to the public about its financial condition. This fraud scheme allowed the executives to reap millions in profits.Full Answer >
In 1974, the Sears Tower in Chicago was completed, Bill Clinton lost his bid for a congressional seat, Dr. Seuss published "There's a Wocket in My Pocket" and Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashed due to a mechanical failure. This year also marked the famous Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman.Full Answer >
The United States entered the Korean War in June of 1950 as part of a United Nations effort to assist South Korea in its civil war with North Korea, which was supported by both China and the Soviet Union. The origins of the conflict began in 1945, when Korea was removed from Japanese rule at the end of World War II, and it was during this conflict that the division along the 38th parallel was established to separate North and South Korea.Full Answer >