The Reign of Terror in 18th-century France began with the imprisonment and death of Marie Antoinette, followed by the execution of 2,400 people. The Revolutionary Tribunal is thought to have ordered the deaths of 30,000 people across France. Maximilien de Robespierre led the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety and was directly responsible for the Reign of Terror, which he believed would lead to the Republic of Virtue.Know More
The Reign of Terror officially ended with Robespierre's execution after he called for another purge in 1794, alienating his supporters and frightening his fellow Committee members. He intended for the Reign of Terror to prevent counter-revolution, abandoning the vows of liberty and equality that the Declaration of the Rights of Man had promised. The vast majority of people executed by the Committee and the Convention were ordinary people reported by informers to have uttered critical or derogatory remarks of the new government.
The Reign of Terror introduced the guillotine, which was used on Marie Antoinette. The guillotine represented the idea of equal death for all criminals, but, in the centuries since, has come to symbolize the bloodiness of the French Revolution. During the Reign of Terror, public executions were encouraged. Its last recorded use was in 1977.Learn more about French Revolution
The Committee of Public Safety exercised executive power in France during the period known as the Reign of Terror. Established in March, 1793, when the revolutionary government confronted counterrevolutionaries in France, the Committee of Public Safety became a radical dictatorship presiding over thousands of political executions.Full Answer >
The Reign of Terror came to an end when its leader, Maximilien Robespierre, was executed. The aim of the Reign of Terror was to purge France of those who opposed the French Revolution.Full Answer >
The Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror was Maximilien Robespierre. Initially, Robespierre opposed using the death penalty, but counter-revolutionary uprisings caused him to implement executions as a means of advancing the French Revolution.Full Answer >
In the aftermath of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte to seized power and became Emperor of France. In 1799, Napoleon led a military coup against the Directory, France's governing body, and in 1804 he became Emperor.Full Answer >