U.S. imperialism had different results in Cuba, the Philippines and Hawaii. A revolution led to a communist form of government in Cuba; the Philippines became an independent country; and Hawaii became a state of the Union.
In Cuba, U.S. imperialism manifested itself mostly in control over the economy. A series of corrupt administrations culminating in Fulgencio Battista's dictatorship led to popular support of the revolution of Fidel Castro, who marched into Havana in 1959 and instituted a communist government based upon that of the Soviet Union. The new regime confiscated U.S. properties and businesses, and in return, the U.S. imposed a trade embargo.
In 1898, the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay was defeated by Admiral Dewey, and through the Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States. The U.S. plan was always for its administration to be temporary. In 1935, under the Tydings-McDuffie Act, the Philippines attained the status of a self-governing commonwealth. On July 4, 1946, just after the end of World War II, the new nation became the independent Republic of the Philippines.
In 1900, the United States annexed the islands of Hawaii. The main activity on the islands was the sugar industry, which dominated the economy until tourism replaced it, according to HawaiiHistory.org. During World War II Hawaii was under martial law. In 1959, it became the 50th state of the United States.Learn More
According to the Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations, the European discoverer of the Philippines was Ferdinand Magellan. He discovered the Philippines on March 15, 1521. Evidence of human habitation of the islands dates back as far as 250,000 years ago.Full Answer >
The goal of imperialism is to exercise economic and political control over a dependent territory. Such control is often accomplished through settlement, sovereignty or less direct methods.Full Answer >
The origins of imperialism date back to ancient China and western Asia; the practice then spread to the Middle East and Mediterranean nations during the 6th-4th centuries BCE. The term imperialism refers to a policy, typically implemented by a nation or strong central government, featuring the extensive use of power, often through military means. Imperialism usually diverts power to the hands of a few leaders, and often results in harsh treatment of citizens.Full Answer >
Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, imperialism was justified through the theory of Social Darwinism. This theory sought to apply the theory of biological Darwinism, as proposed by Charles Darwin in "Origin of Species," to human societies. Imperialists justified invading a foreign territory by citing the improvements their culture and innovation had on the occupied territory.Full Answer >