Although certain concepts key to the Cartesian plane are found in works as early as ancient Greece, scholars credit Rene Descartes with the critical concept of applying algebra to geometry. Descartes introduced the notion of arithmetizing analytical geometry by assigning coordinates to two points in a plane. After Descartes published his theories, other mathematicians immediately began expanding upon his ideas and developing the Cartesian plane.
Know MoreApollonius of Greece found rudimentary ways to solve geometrical problems, and the French cleric Nicole Oresme of the 14th century used systems similar to Cartesian coordinates. However, it was not until Rene Descartes in 1637, that Euclidean geometry and algebra were at last united.
Scholars named the coordinate system after Descartes; however, many of the features of the modern Cartesian plane were additions by subsequent mathematicians. Descartes only worked with the x-axis and in the first quadrant; up until that time, the concepts of zero and negative numbers were not common.
It was Isaac Newton who first went beyond the use of positive distances. In his publication "Enumerations of Curves of Third Degree," Newton pioneered the use of perpendicular axes that included both positive and negative numbers. He even set the precedent of using x to label the horizontal axis, y for the vertical axis and 0 for the intersection.
Learn more about InventionsThe earliest mimes originated in ancient Greece where they performed the art of pantomimus, a solo art form featuring a masked dancer. Performances of pantomimus, which is translated as "imitating all," involved music and dance, and they were not necessarily silent as they are in modern times.
Full Answer >The Cartesian coordinate plane was invented by French philosopher Rene Descartes in the 17th century. It was a revolutionary development in math because it allowed algebraic equations to be used to describe geometric shapes, providing the first systematic link between these two fields.
Full Answer >In geometry, a plane is defined as a flat, infinite surface. It has infinite length and width but no thickness. A plane is thus a two-dimensional, boundless surface and a subset of space.
Full Answer >Orville and Wilbur Wright developed the first powered and controlled human-operated plane to be successfully flown in 1903. The Wright plane had its first four flights on December 17, 1903. Orville Wright piloted the initial flight, traveling 120 feet in 12 seconds while roughly 10 feet off the ground.
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