The United Nations Genocide Convention and The Geneva Convention on the Laws and Customs of War were formed as a result of the Nuremberg trials, explains The History Channel. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights also emerged as a result of the trials.
The Nuremberg trials were a series of hearings that began in October 1945 with 22 people who were believed to be high-ranking members of the Nazi Party during World War II initially charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity. The trials were very controversial at the time, as they marked the first time in history anyone was held legally accountable on an international level for such crimes. Over the course of a year, arguments were heard by the International Military Tribunal, a committee comprised primarily of members of the allied nations. Of the initial 22 people charged with Nazi war crimes, only three were acquitted. Twelve were sentenced to hang. The remainder were sent to prison. Between 1946 and 1949, 185 more people were charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Of those 185 people, none were acquitted, eight were given death sentences, and the remainder were sent to prison for varying term lengths up to and including life.Learn More
The direct result of the Nuremberg Trials was the prosecution and sentencing of World War II Nazi officials for war crimes. Of the 24 Nazi defendants, 12 were given death sentences, three were sentenced to life imprisonment, four received prison sentences of varying lengths, three were acquitted and two did not stand trial.Full Answer >
Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi party, explains The History Channel. He started World War II after his attack on Poland in 1939. His Jewish concentration camps resulted in the death of over six million people during the Holocaust.Full Answer >
According to the Jewish Virtual Library, the Nuremberg trials resulted in 19 convictions of the 22 defendants on trial. Twelve received the death penalty, three received sentences of life imprisonment and the remaining four convictions resulted in sentences of 10 to 20 years. In addition, a 23rd defendant was found unfit to stand trial, while the 24th committed suicide before the proceedings began.Full Answer >
The Black Death reached its pinnacle in the early 1350s and then began to decline, though it did not truly end, explains The History Channel. Scholars still debate the reason for the decline of the Black Death, though many agree it was likely a combination of several factors.Full Answer >