Rivers were crucial to the survival of early civilizations because they were responsible for providing a source of water, irrigation for good farmland and a way for people to trade with other people through water transportation. Many of the earliest civilizations thrived due to the availability of rivers such as Mesopotamian cultures with the Euphrates River and Tigris River, Egyptians with the Nile River, Indians with the Indus River and Chinese with the Huang River and Yangtze River.Know More
Rivers and river valleys typically flow to a large water source such as a lake, sea or the ocean. The end of the river is known as the "mouth." In some rivers, such as the Nile River in Egypt, the mouths have silt deposits. These silt deposits build up to create a delta area and also create fertile farmland.
One of the most well-known examples of using a river to further a civilization is the Egyptians' use of the Nile River. Without the Nile, none of the Egyptian achievements would have happened. The Egyptians first started living along the Nile, and were able to eat the fruit from the fruit trees along the river and the fish that swam in the river. The people also noticed that the Nile flooded for 6 months every year, and when it receded for the other 6 months, there was a fertile layer of silt that could be farmed for additional food. The Nile is responsible for the health of the Egyptians and their ability to survive. Today, rivers are used for the same qualities as well as to create hydroelectric power sources with technology.Learn more about Ancient History
An irrigation pump is used to push water through the irrigation system – usually from a water source to another location. An irrigation pump is a crucial component of any irrigation system and plays a huge role in the system's success. So, consider the function of the pump and the types that are available.Full Answer >
By capturing and storing water, then releasing it as needed, dams enable the production of hydroelectric power, provide a controllable water source for homes, businesses and irrigation, create recreation areas and help control flooding. According to the United States Geological Survey, the electricity generated from hydroelectric plants powered by dammed rivers provided 95 percent of the U.S. energy production in 1995. Dams are also used to stabilize water flow, reclaim land and restore water levels to inland seas and lakes.Full Answer >
Major achievements of the Babylonian Empire include developing a code of laws, contributing to the world's current time-keeping system and the use of advanced irrigation techniques. The Babylonians also built architectural wonders such as the Hanging Gardens and the Ishtar Gate.Full Answer >
The civilizations of the Mesopotamian area, which include the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians and Akkadians, had numerous achievements, such as a form of written communication with pictures, mathematics, trade and astronomy. The Assyrians can claim credit for the first zoo thanks to the rule of King Ashurnasirbal II, along with the first library thanks to a later king named Ashurbanipal. This library is where the Epic of Gilgamesh was stored along with much of the ancient writing of the area.Full Answer >