The Protestant Reformation impacted religious thought, philosophy, politics and economics throughout the world. The effects of the Reformation can still be felt in modern times.Know More
The Reformation’s most direct impact was upon religious and philosophical thought. It came about largely through dissatisfaction with the Catholic Church, which was a preeminent authority in Europe in the 1500s, when the Reformation began. As a result, the Church was fractured, giving rise to the multitude of Christian denominations that are seen in modern times.
Reformation leaders like Martin Luther declared authority should be derived from the Bible, not the Pope or the Church, giving rise to Protestant systems of belief. Religions like Lutheranism are a direct result of the Reformation.
The movement had economic impact as well. John Calvin, another Reformation leader, taught a doctrine of predestination and hard work. He taught that financial success was a sign one was destined to salvation in the afterlife, and that merchants who succeeded in business did so because God looked upon them favorably. This gave rise to what is known as the “Protestant work ethic,” which led to the economic system of capitalism.
The Reformation inspired a mood of anti-authoritarianism, which led to backlash against the feudal system and, by extension, to the democratic movement around the world. In the centuries following the Reformation, movements like women’s suffrage and the abolition of slavery traced their roots back to Reformation-era principles.Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
Some results of the Protestant Reformation include, the development of national churches, the development of the Catholic Counter-Reformation and the division of the single Western religion into two separate religions. The Reformation began in the 16th century.Full Answer >
The Counter-Reformation movement began as a result of strong opposition to the Roman Catholic Church by Martin Luther and the defiance of the Princes of Germany. Prior to the start of the movement, the Catholic Church had come under sharp criticism spearheaded by Martin Luther, who was himself once a Catholic monk.Full Answer >
The Reformation began in Germany in 1517 because an Augustinian monk named Martin Luther, who lived in Germany, wrote "95 Theses" protesting the Pope's selling indulgences. He was only initially trying to bring about change within the church, but the Catholic Church excommunicated him in 1521, spurring him to have the Bible translated into German. Because Luther was very outspoken about his feelings, the Reformation started in Germany and spread.Full Answer >
Disdain and mistrust of the Catholic Church was the major cause for the Protestant Reformation. Reformers particularly decried the selling of indulgences and offering of forgiveness for sins in exchange for money; the practice of selling religious positions in the church was also frowned upon by those who sought to reform the church.Full Answer >