Indian house names include tipi, wigwam, pueblo, longhouse, plankhouse and earthlodge. These types of houses were found in various places throughout what was to become the United States. Some were more or less permanent, while others were temporary housing for nomadic tribes who often abandoned them when they moved on. Sometimes, these dwellings could be broken down and brought with their owners to new areas.Know More
Tipis were wood-framed, conical houses made of light poles or branches that were latched together. Various materials were then placed over the frames to make the dwelling weatherproof. These materials could be animal skins, barks, thatch or woven mats of plant fibers. More sophisticated tipis had frames of buffalo hide that were sewn together. These types of tipis could be seen among the Plains Indians. They could also be adapted to protect the occupants against the heat of summer, the cold of winter or rain.
A wigwam was similar to a tipi in that it had a wooden frame, but it was circular. It was also called a wetu or a wikiup. It was covered with the same kinds of roofing as a tipi, but it took longer to set up and was not portable.Learn More
The Chinook Indians wove baskets made from bear grass and carved wooden sculptures. They also hollowed out logs to create canoes that allowed them to travel up and down the river to fish, trade, hunt and wage war.Full Answer >
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the President of the United States the power to trade unsettled land to the Indians for land they inhabited in the same state. Andrew Jackson signed this act into law on May 28, 1830. It led to the famous "Trail of Tears" for the Cherokee nation, which led to the death of 4000 Indians who were removed from their land and forced to go west.Full Answer >
The Indian Removal Act authorized the President of the United States to resettle Indian tribes who lived east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the Mississippi. Although the resettlement was ostensibly voluntary, the act resulted in war with the Seminole tribe and to the Cherokee Trail of Tears.Full Answer >
The Chinook people were largely considered peaceful but still needed bows, axes, clubs and spears to hunt and ward off plunderers. Clubs were typically a decorative status symbol, up to 2 to 3 feet in length, double-edged and beautifully carved with designs. Bows and flint-tipped arrows, up to 2 feet in length, were used in both hunting and warfare.Full Answer >