The Indian National Congress, or INC, was formed in 1885 to create an outlet for Indians to voice their concerns and express their views. The forerunner of the INC was the Indian Association, which was created in 1876 and the first Indian political organization of its kind. Both organizations were formed as a result of the growing tide of political awareness taking place in British-ruled India.Know More
In its beginnings, the Indian National Congress was made up largely of moderate voices with a limited degree of influence from British governance. The INC, however, became increasingly radicalized in the face of the British government's growing opposition to the organization's aims. The INC eventually grew into the dominant force in the independence movement and became its umbrella organization.
The Indian National Congress was founded by members of the Theosophical Society, both Indian and British, with much of the initiative for its formation credited to Scotsman, A.O. Hume, a British civil servant who had worked as a doctor and an intelligence officer in India. Rising to the position of Director-General of Agriculture by 1870, Hume's reformist policies and his championing of the plight of India's rural poor were considered controversial by his superiors.
The Indian National Congress was split into two factions by 1907: the Garam dal, comprised of extremists, and the Naram dal, which was made up of moderates. Owing to the influence of Bal Gangadhar Tilak of the Garam dal, the INC brought millions of people together to oppose British rule.Learn more about Modern Asia
Known for non-violent civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the nation's struggle for independence from Great Britain. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1922 after organizing farmers, urban laborers and peasants in protests against discrimination and excessive land taxes. His continuing efforts toward achieving independence ultimately led to England transferring power to a partitioned India in 1947.Full Answer >
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave the President of the United States the power to trade unsettled land to the Indians for land they inhabited in the same state. Andrew Jackson signed this act into law on May 28, 1830. It led to the famous "Trail of Tears" for the Cherokee nation, which led to the death of 4000 Indians who were removed from their land and forced to go west.Full Answer >
The wealth of the Sultan of Brunei is derived from the oil that is found inside the country's borders. According to an article by Business Spectator from Apr. 24, 2014, the Sultan's wealth is estimated to be $20 billion in total.Full Answer >
The Chinese Revolution of 1911, also known as the Xinhai Revolution, ended the Qing Dynasty, formed the Republic of China and sparked a lengthy period of ideological and political struggle. Sun Yat-sen, the revolution's leader, was pronounced the first provisional president of the new republic on December 29, 1911 and a new flag, referred to as the Five Races Under One Union flag, was adopted as the emblem of the nation. The last Chinese Emperor, Xuantong Puyi, officially abdicated on February 12, 1912, signaling the beginning of the Chinese Republican Era and the end of 4,000 years of Imperial rule.Full Answer >