The Indian National Congress, or INC, was formed in 1885 to create an outlet for Indians to voice their concerns and express their views. The forerunner of the INC was the Indian Association, which was created in 1876 and the first Indian political organization of its kind. Both organizations were formed as a result of the growing tide of political awareness taking place in British-ruled India.Know More
In its beginnings, the Indian National Congress was made up largely of moderate voices with a limited degree of influence from British governance. The INC, however, became increasingly radicalized in the face of the British government's growing opposition to the organization's aims. The INC eventually grew into the dominant force in the independence movement and became its umbrella organization.
The Indian National Congress was founded by members of the Theosophical Society, both Indian and British, with much of the initiative for its formation credited to Scotsman, A.O. Hume, a British civil servant who had worked as a doctor and an intelligence officer in India. Rising to the position of Director-General of Agriculture by 1870, Hume's reformist policies and his championing of the plight of India's rural poor were considered controversial by his superiors.
The Indian National Congress was split into two factions by 1907: the Garam dal, comprised of extremists, and the Naram dal, which was made up of moderates. Owing to the influence of Bal Gangadhar Tilak of the Garam dal, the INC brought millions of people together to oppose British rule.Learn More
The Chinese Revolution of 1911, also known as the Xinhai Revolution, ended the Qing Dynasty, formed the Republic of China and sparked a lengthy period of ideological and political struggle. Sun Yat-sen, the revolution's leader, was pronounced the first provisional president of the new republic on December 29, 1911 and a new flag, referred to as the Five Races Under One Union flag, was adopted as the emblem of the nation. The last Chinese Emperor, Xuantong Puyi, officially abdicated on February 12, 1912, signaling the beginning of the Chinese Republican Era and the end of 4,000 years of Imperial rule.Full Answer >
In everyday life, the Chinese wear modern clothes that are similar to any other culture throughout the globe, such as jeans and blouses, but still don traditional garb for certain festivals and religious ceremonies. The traditional costume depends on the area of China. For example, the people of Mongolia and Tu wear distinct costumes.Full Answer >
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, led the independence movement of India against the British, working against racial and socioeconomic repression. He used nonviolent tactics, inspiring civil rights movements across the world.Full Answer >
The lotus is the national flower of India and represents absolute reality. This flower blossoms one petal at a time under the rays of the sun. The lotus grows in many Asian countries in an array of colors including white, red, pink, blue and purple.Full Answer >