Q:

Which Indians used teepees?

A:

Quick Answer

The nomadic Plains Indian tribes used teepees. Plains Indians is a blanket term that includes a number of individual tribes, including Pawnee, Omaha, Plains Apache and Lakota, among many others. Another style of mobile housing is called a wigwam.

Know More
Which Indians used teepees?
Credit: Barrett & MacKay All Canada Photos Getty Images

Full Answer

Teepees are also spelled tipi and tepee, depending on the individual and group. Teepees were essential for the plains tribes, who were regularly on the move and following food sources, such as buffalo herds. It was also necessary to move to continue to hunt without running out of the existing food supply. In most tribes, the teepee belonged to the women of the family, who set it up and made decisions about decoration. The structures were simple, made from long poles strung together and covered with hide, and were easy to transport across even large distances.

Wigwams were similar to the teepee in that they could be uprooted and moved to a new location when necessary. However, wigwams were sturdier, longer-lasting structures that were typically used when a tribe or group intended to settle in one area for a long time and did not anticipate moving. There were two variations in the use of these structures: fully nomadic and semi-sedentary. The latter group more commonly used wigwams in addition to teepees; fully nomadic groups generally relied on teepees.

Learn more about US History

Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who are the Yemassee Indians?

    A:

    The Yamassee Indians were a confederation of tribes living in the southeast United States before the 18th century. Originally inhabiting parts of Georgia and Florida, they moved to South Carolina in the late 17th century. After the Yamassee War with the British, which lasted from 1715 to 1717, the survivors fled south and eventually became absorbed into other Native American tribes.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who are the Tequesta Indians?

    A:

    The Tequesta Indians were a small tribe that settled in Florida along the coast around the 3rd century B.C.E. They eventually left the area following Britain's invasion in 1763, and were evacuated to Cuba.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the history of the Gabrielino Tongva Indians?

    A:

    The Gabrielino Tongva Indians are the Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the South Channel Islands in California. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence suggesting that the Tongva descendants migrated to Southern California around 3,500 years ago from the Uto-Aztecan-speaking peoples in Nevada.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did the Wampanoag Indians wear?

    A:

    The basic Wampanoag wardrobe consisted of breechcloths, mantles, skirts, belts, leggings and moccasins. Certain articles of clothing were reserved for cold weather and special occasions. The Wampanoag were also fond of jewelry.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore