Sir Francis Bacon, despite being schooled at home in an impoverished family after the death of his father, went on to study at Trinity College in Cambridge at the age of 12, and was killed by pneumonia at 65 after attempting to discover how long a chicken would remain preserved if stuffed with snow. Sir Francis Bacon is often attributed as the father of modern science.Know More
Primarily a philosopher, Bacon vastly altered how humanity approached the classification and understanding of knowledge through the creation of empiricism. Empiricism was founded on the principles of obtaining knowledge through the senses, which led on to the formation of basic experiments. At the time, this had a huge impact on the development of scientific enquiry and thought. His methods were often referred to as the "Baconian method."
The progress and philosophy behind the industrial age is also accredited to Bacon, who believed that science should serve the good of all, being used primarily to reduce suffering and misery wherever possible.
He also wrote many meditations on law and morality, often calling for reformations. He was later appointed to the position of Lord Chancellor in 1618, but was forced to resign over allegations of bribery. This led him to continue his philosophical and scientific work up until his death.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
On May 29, 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary and his guide, Tenzing Norgay, were the first climbers to reach the peak of Mount Everest in Nepal. Hillary, a beekeeper by trade, also participated in expeditions to the South Pole and climbed the highest mountain in his native New Zealand in 1948.Full Answer >
Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa set sail for South America on a trans-oceanic voyage, establishing the first settlement in modern-day Panama and claiming the western coast of South America for Spain before meeting his death, via execution, in 1519. Balboa was born in 1475 to humble beginnings. He came from the city of Jerez de los Caballeros, born to a father with noble blood but far less affluent than his noble peers.Full Answer >
In 1620, during a period of time known as the Scientific Revolution, Sir Francis Bacon helped develop a method of testing the truthfulness in knowledge. This method involved testing hypotheses by manipulating nature in an effort to rule out faulty knowledge garnered from perception alone.Full Answer >
Sir Francis Bacon's greatest contribution was developing the Baconian method, also known as empiricism and the scientific method. Coupled with his belief that knowledge and science are to be used for the relief of humanity's misery, his influence led to astounding progress of the Industrial Age.Full Answer >