The Internet as a publicly accessible World Wide Web was introduced by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991 and developed with the Mosaic (later Netscape) browser of 1992. However, the origins of the Internet date back much further to the Cold War period and "ARPAnet".Know More
"ARPAnet" was an American response to the increasing threat of Russian missile strikes. It was reasoned in 1962, by J.C.R. Licklider, an M.I.T. and ARPA scientist, that a computer network would allow politicians and government agents to communicate if a Soviet strike destroyed the U.S. telephone system. In 1969, after the concept and system had been refined, the first message was delivered between UCLA and Stanford. It read simply as "LO", since the full message, "LOGIN", was too much for the network to handle.
The number of computers connected to the ARPAnet grew significantly after 1969 as it integrated machines from multiple countries.
In the late 1970s, computer scientist Vinton Cerf invented TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) to facilitate communication between the individual networks around the world, later adding the IP (Internet Protocol) to create the modern TCP/IP.
A decision in Congress that the Internet had great commercial potential eventually led to the e-commerce boom starting in 1992.Learn more about Inventions
The Internet was first conceptualized in 1962 by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT as a "Galactic Network," then put into action at the U.S. federal research agency DARPA. Licklider's fellow researchers quickly realized the value of sharing data via a connected computer network, and ARPANET was born in late 1969.Full Answer >
Non-mandatory ZIP codes were introduced to the United States in 1963. Robert Moon, a postal inspector with the United States Postal Service, proposed the ZIP code system as early as 1944.Full Answer >
Cassette tapes for playing and recording music were thought to be introduced in 1958 by RCA. Prior to the 1950s, German engineers released an item called the Magnetophon in 1935, which was based on the 1928 invention of magnetic tape.Full Answer >
The Internet was activated in 1969 as a network of university mainframe computers, making it 45 years old in 2014. The original name for the Internet was ARPANET because it was created by ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was created in 1958 by the U.S. Department of Defense.Full Answer >