Anaximander, a Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus in the 6th century, is credited with the invention of the first map. The earliest known maps are related to the sky, and date back to 16,500 B.C.Know More
The ancients were preoccupied with geography, and the first attempts at drawing maps date back to 8,000 B.C., when the people of Babylon used maps created with surveying techniques. It was the ancient Greeks who perfected the science of cartography. Anaximander drew the first map of the known world but, unfortunately, his map and all the research he performed in order to draw it did not survive.
After Anaximander, various Greek philosophers and scientists drew maps, including Hecateus of Miletus, Herodotus, Ptolemy and Eratosthenes. Aristotle is the one credited with proving the sphericity of the Earth. Ptolemy brought one of the most important contributions to the development of cartography, his eight-volume atlas named "Geographia" being a prototype of what would become modern mapping.
The Romans, Chinese, Indians, and Mongols also became preoccupied with drawing maps of the world as it was known to them. It wasn't until after the period of the great geographical discoveries in the Middle Ages that complete maps of the Earth became available.Learn More
Although the exact inventor of the pencil is unknown, Conrad Gesner is often credited with the invention. In 1565, Gesner was the first to document the use of graphite placed in a wooden shaft, which was the predecessor to modern pencils.Full Answer >
The invention of the Internet is credited primarily to the developers of ARPANET, a project of the U.S. Department of Defense and dozens of universities. This complex technology, however, has been developed over time by hundreds of innovators and inventors.Full Answer >
The invention of the radio was long credited to Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi, but evidence shows that Nikola Tesla patented radio technology before Marconi. Tesla is now credited with inventing the radio.Full Answer >
No single person is credited with the invention of the toothpick. Grooves on the teeth of Neanderthal and Homo sapiens skulls suggest that they used a tool to remove materials from their teeth. Charles Forster was the first to mass produce toothpicks for the American market in the mid-19th century.Full Answer >