Anaximander, a Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus in the 6th century, is credited with the invention of the first map. The earliest known maps are related to the sky, and date back to 16,500 B.C.Know More
The ancients were preoccupied with geography, and the first attempts at drawing maps date back to 8,000 B.C., when the people of Babylon used maps created with surveying techniques. It was the ancient Greeks who perfected the science of cartography. Anaximander drew the first map of the known world but, unfortunately, his map and all the research he performed in order to draw it did not survive.
After Anaximander, various Greek philosophers and scientists drew maps, including Hecateus of Miletus, Herodotus, Ptolemy and Eratosthenes. Aristotle is the one credited with proving the sphericity of the Earth. Ptolemy brought one of the most important contributions to the development of cartography, his eight-volume atlas named "Geographia" being a prototype of what would become modern mapping.
The Romans, Chinese, Indians, and Mongols also became preoccupied with drawing maps of the world as it was known to them. It wasn't until after the period of the great geographical discoveries in the Middle Ages that complete maps of the Earth became available.Learn more about Inventions
Although the exact inventor of the pencil is unknown, Conrad Gesner is often credited with the invention. In 1565, Gesner was the first to document the use of graphite placed in a wooden shaft, which was the predecessor to modern pencils.Full Answer >
The invention of the Global Positioning System is credited to Roger Easton, Bradford Parkinson and Ivan Getting. Easton is prominently cited as being the lead developer of the GPS team; he had been working on satellite-based location systems for the Naval Research Laboratory since 1955.Full Answer >
The invention of the football helmet is credited to James Naismith, with the earliest design in 1891. The first design of Naismith's football helmet was sewn together by his girlfriend using pieces of flannel. This protective headgear was made after Naismith was kicked in the food in a football game.Full Answer >
Two people are credited with the invention of the French horn: Heinrich Stoelzel and Friedrich Bluhmel. The French horn was invented in the 19th century based on designs that dated back to the 16th century.Full Answer >