In 1500 B.C., the people of Crete invented sewage disposal systems. Evidence also indicates that the ancient palace of Knossos had a water closet with a wooden seat and flushing system.
In 500 B.C., the Roman Empire had a system of aqueducts and pipes that created indoor plumbing for bathhouses and public wells, which greatly helped with sanitary conditions. In 1596, Sir John Harrington invented the first flushing water closet, but the invention failed to stick due to poor advancements in sewage systems. In the 17th century, French castles were outfitted with indoor privies. However, they emptied into surrounding moats until a sewage system was designed.
In the 18th century, sewage systems, piping and drains were expertly designed and installed in Chicago and New York City. From 1900 to 1932, water closet designs had several hundred pending patents. Charles Neff and Robert Frame designed the plumbing system that has become the standard in the United States.Learn More
A windmill can do many useful tasks, such as pump water, grind grain or generate power. The structures get part of their name from one of their most common uses: as mills for grain.Full Answer >
In 1903, the first successful plane was invented by the Wright brothers. They made four brief flights on December 17, 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Other attempts to make a plane existed, before 1903, but none made much success as the Wright brothers' project.Full Answer >
Samuel Crompton developed the first prototype of the spinning mule in a study located at his manor house, called Hall i' th' Wood. His home was located in Bolton, Greater Manchester in North west England.Full Answer >
Thomas Edison was an American inventor who had over 1,000 inventions accredited to him. Among his most important were the phonograph, light bulb and motion picture camera. He was also a pioneer in telecommunications and electrical distribution.Full Answer >