In 1500 B.C., the people of Crete invented sewage disposal systems. Evidence also indicates that the ancient palace of Knossos had a water closet with a wooden seat and flushing system.Know More
In 500 B.C., the Roman Empire had a system of aqueducts and pipes that created indoor plumbing for bathhouses and public wells, which greatly helped with sanitary conditions. In 1596, Sir John Harrington invented the first flushing water closet, but the invention failed to stick due to poor advancements in sewage systems. In the 17th century, French castles were outfitted with indoor privies. However, they emptied into surrounding moats until a sewage system was designed.
In the 18th century, sewage systems, piping and drains were expertly designed and installed in Chicago and New York City. From 1900 to 1932, water closet designs had several hundred pending patents. Charles Neff and Robert Frame designed the plumbing system that has become the standard in the United States.Learn more about Inventions
Ocean pollution is caused by numerous industrial and domestic activities, which include oil spills, garbage dumping, sewage and factory-waste disposal and the use of toxic pesticides. These activities pollute the oceans through drains, rivers and direct dumping. According to All Recycling Facts, land-based activities account for more than 80 percent of ocean pollution.Full Answer >
There is evidence suggesting that indoor plumbing began in 8000 BC, when households in Scotland used basic plumbing to carry water to a nearby creek. Plumbing continued to advance through the ancient era, but was neglected in Europe until the 19th century, which was when large systems were developed.Full Answer >
Although sundials have been used since the 8th century B.C., the first individual to be credited with the invention of a sundial is Aristarchus of Samos in about 280 B.C.Full Answer >
The first robot was a mechanical bird made in 350 B.C. by Archytas of Tarentum. It was called "The Pigeon" and was powered by steam.Full Answer >