Alfred Nobel is the founder of the Nobel Prize, which honors men and women throughout the world for achievements in medicine, chemistry, physics, literature and works of peace. Nobel was a wealthy man who left most of his fortune to establish the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Prize was founded via Alfred Nobel's last will and testament in 1895, and the first award was granted in 1901.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses." However, there have been some years when the prize was not awarded because the conditions for receiving it were not met by any candidates. As of 2014, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 94 times since 1901.Learn More
The Nobel Peace Prize is an international prize awarded to extraordinary people who have made efforts to bring peaceful change to communities throughout the world, according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee. The actual prize awarded is a medallion picturing Alfred Nobel, who laid out the guidelines for awarding the prize.Full Answer >
The first skyscraper in the world was the Home Insurance Building located in Chicago and was designed by Major William LeBaron Jenney. The building was completed in 1885 and was 10 stories tall. Jenney was the first to use a steel framework that supported a buildings entire weight.Full Answer >
Humans around the world have practiced tattooing since prehistoric times. As such, there is no consensus as to who invented tattoos. The word "tattoo" is derived from several Polynesian languages. Natives of islands as far apart as Samoa and Tahiti refer to such body art as "tatau" or "tatu," respectively.Full Answer >
Maps developed simultaneously in several parts of the world, so it is not clear who invented them. Though other examples of early maps exist, a 14,000-year-old carved stone tablet found in northern Spain in 1993 is the oldest depiction of geographic and other features.Full Answer >